本期文都考研网为大家带来的是何凯文每日一句第一百一十三句。正在进行2019考研英语复习的小伙伴们,何凯文每日一句是考生们在进行2019考研英语复习时,免费又实用的复习资料。文都考研网持续为考生们推送何凯文每日一句,欢迎考生访问查看。

第一百一十三句

Had Sergio’s book been stolen a year ago, he would have had to wait to be allowed to check out any other books until he came up with enough money to pay off his library debt.

思考题:

People now have the alternative way to use library without paying off the library fine.

词汇突破:

1. check out books 借出书

2. came up with enough money 攒足够的钱

3. pay off 还清

4. library debt= library fine (所谓“图书馆的债”=“图书馆的罚款”,你如果不知道这个同义替换,我同情你。这是图书馆语境下的习惯用法,记住就好。)

5. alternative way 其他的方式

切分:

1.Had Sergio’s book been stolen a year ago,

Had 置于句首就应该考虑是虚拟语气中if 被省略,were 和had 被提前,先做还原:

If Sergio’s book had been stolen a year ago,

如果Sergio的书是在一年前被偷得,

2.he would have had to wait /to be allowed to check out any other books /until he came up with enough money to pay off his library debt.

那他就不得不等到攒够了钱还清了图书馆的罚款以后,才能从图书馆借出其他的书。

参考译文:如果Sergio的书是在一年前被偷得,那他就不得不等到攒够了钱还清了图书馆的罚款以后,才能从图书馆借出其他的书。

思考题:

People now have the alternative way to use library without paying off the library fine.

现在人们即使没有付清图书馆的罚款也有其他办法使用图书馆。

这就是由于虚拟语气引起的正话反说。

所以这个思考题的表达是正确的。

再举例:

原文:如果他是一年前患上的这种病,医生是没办法救治他的。

选项:现在医生有办法救治这种疾病的患者。(对的!)

(懂了吧!)

说说今天这篇文章的背景呗。美国南加州的公共图书馆为了鼓励更多的民众使用图书馆并培养良好的阅读习惯,推出了一系列的鼓励措施。图书馆发现有好多市民借了一本书,由于种种原因没有及时归还或者把这本给搞丢了,他们又不愿意支付罚金,于是就只能是不再使用图书馆。于是图书馆允许民众以阅读打卡记小时数的形式来偿还之前欠下的罚款。这样一来就能让更多的人走进图书馆,毕竟图书馆的意义就是为民众开智的。真心觉得这个措施很暖心。我记得我们读书的时候欠下的图书馆的罚金是可以用劳动小时的方式来抵消的。我一个学期我记得我劳动了整整三个下午,才把滞纳金给交清。图书馆滞纳金在英语中也用library fine 或者library debt 来表达。

再来熟悉一下这种句式的句子吧:

The standard tests do not compensate for gross social inequality, and thus do not tell how able an underprivileged youngster might have been had he grown up under more favorable circumstances.(听语音!)

明天的句子:

New Zealand is showing that no doors are closed to women, that having a baby while being prime minister can be managed, and that it’s acceptable for male partners to be full-time carers.

思考题:

New Zealand is trying to open doors for women to have a baby with male partners.

在考研英语复习期间,多做几遍近十年的考研英语真题对考生的复习还是很有帮助的。