自2019考研英语阅读复习进入强化复习阶段后,你的考研英语阅读复习效率上去了吗?细节题作为考研英语阅读五大基本题型之一,是考研英语阅读理解必考题型。本文整理了考研英语阅读细节题解题策略,一起来看看吧!

一、题型特征

细节题通常用what, which, why, who, when, how, how many, because, cause, reason, result, mention, not to mention, true, not true 等特征词表达。并且,细节题的常见提问方式如下,

(1) The author provides following examples except...?

(2) According to the author, all of the following are true except (that)...

(3) Which is among the best possible ways to...?

(4) Which of the following would NOT be an example...?

(5) ...is revealed in the fact that...

(6) The author argues...because...

二、解题技巧

(一)事实细节题

例1:People in earlier eras were surrounded by reminders of misery. They worked until exhausted, lived with few protections and died young. In the West, before mass communication and literacy, the most powerful mass medium was the church, which reminded worshippers that their souls were in danger and that they would someday be meat for worms. Given all this, they did not exactly need their art to be a bummer too. [2006,Text4]

Which of the following is true of the text?

[A] Religion once functioned as a reminder of misery.

[B] Art provides a balance between expectation and reality.

[C] People feel disappointed at the realities of modern society.

[D] Mass media are inclined to cover disasters and deaths.

【答案】A

【解析】由题干可知,此题是一道综合细节题,题干当中没有关键词,需要根据选项中的关键词回文定位,并且一一比配原文中的相关信息,选出最 佳答案。根据选项A当中的关键词“reminder of misery”回文定位到第五段,由第五段的第三句话“In the West, before mass communication and literacy, the most powerful mass medium was the church, which reminded worshippers that their souls were in danger and that they would someday be meat for worms. 在西方,在大众传播和教育普及之前,最 强大的大众传媒是教堂,教堂提醒信徒,他们的灵魂处于危险之中,他们有一天会成为蛆虫的食物。”可以得知,选项A“宗教过去的功能是提醒痛苦的存在”完全符合题意,所以,此题的正确选项是选项A。其他选项均不正确,选项B“艺术提供了期望与现实间的平衡”,选项C“人们对现代社会的现实感到失望”和选项D“大众传媒倾向于报道灾难和死亡”在原文中都未提及,均为干扰选项。

【译文】早些时代的人们处于令人处处想到悲苦的境地。他们工作到筋疲力尽,生活几乎没有保障,最后英年早逝。在西方,在大众传播和教育普及之前,最 强大的大众传媒是教堂,教堂提醒信徒,他们的灵魂处于危险之中,他们有一天会成为蛆虫的食物。有了这一切,他们无需艺术再来表现这种失落感。

强化复习阶段,历年考研真题、模拟题可以开始做了,通过长期的加强练习,巩固做题技巧及做题思路,对考生的复习非常有帮助。