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原文:①Although the process of professionalisation and specialisation was already well under way in British geology during the nineteenth century, its full consequences were thus delayed until the twentieth century.② In science generally, however, the nineteenth century must be reckoned as the crucial period for this change in the structure of science.

译文:①虽然职业化和专业化过程在19世纪的英国地质学界中己经开始形成,但是它的效果却延迟到20世纪才充分显示出来。②然而,从科学这个整体来看,I9世纪必须被视为科学结构发生变化的关键时期。

逐句讲解:

第一句:Although the process of professionalisation and specialisation was already well under way in British geology during the nineteenth century, its full consequences were thus delayed until the twentieth century.虽然职业化和专业化过程在19世纪的英国地质学界中己经开始形成,它的充分影响也因此延迟到20世纪。

1. Although the process of professionalisation and specialisation was already well under way in British geology during the nineteenth century虽然职业化和专业化过程在19世纪的英国地质学界中己经开始形成

1)under way 进行中的

2)the process ...was already well under way 过程已经开始形成

3)geology 地质学;geography地理学(注意:词根geo-地球的;土地的)

2. its full consequences were thus delayed until the twentieth century.它的充分影响也因此延迟到20世纪

1)consequences=effect结果;后果;效果;影响

2)delay延迟

3)thus 因此

第二句:In science generally, however, the nineteenth century must be reckoned as the crucial period for this change in the structure of science.然而,从科学这个整体来看,19世纪必须被视为科学结构发生变化的关键时期。

1. A must be reckoned as B:A必须被视为B=reckon A as B:把A视为B

2. the nineteenth century must be reckoned as the crucial period :19世纪必须被视为关键时期

3. crucial关键的=important,key, critical, decisive

4. change in sth某方面的变化(change是名词)

英语二图表作文模仿:

人口方面的变化:change in population

汽车市场份额方面的变化:change in the share of auto market

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