阅读理解占据了考研英语试题比重的一半,历年考研英语阅读真题部分,有4篇阅读文章,一共20道题。细节题是最常见的题型,文都考研老师为大家讲解细节题的做题技巧,详细内容如下:

一、细节题分类

细节题的考查主要是以下三类,即事实型细节题、因果关系型细节题、观点型细节题。

二、三步搞定细节题

1)读题干找关键定位词(尤其关注专有名词、数字、年份等)。

2)根据题干定位词回文定位,寻找定位句。(注意:定位句不一定是答案来源句)

3)阅读选项,找与原文线索句的同义替换项,排除无关干扰选项,确定最终正确答案。

温馨提示:题目出题顺序一般与文章行文顺序保持一致。

三、实战演练(以2012年Text 1 第21题为例)

Come on—Everybody’s doing it. That whispered message, half invitation and half forcing, is what most of us think of when we hear the words peer pressure. It usually leads to no good—drinking, drugs and casual sex. But in her new book Join the Club, Tina Rosenberg contends that peer pressure can also be a positive force through what she calls the social cure, in which organizations and officials use the power of group dynamics to help individuals improve their lives and possibly the world.

21. According to the first paragraph, peer pressure often emerges as .

[A] a supplement to the social cure

[B] a stimulus to group dynamics

[C] an obstacle to social progress

[D] a cause of undesirable behaviors

解析:通过阅读题干可得知该题是事实型细节题,根据题干中的定位词“ the first paragraph”“peer pressure ”“often”,回文定位,不难发现文章第1段第2句话“That whispered message, half invitation and half forcing, is what most of us think of when we hear the words peer pressure.”中有题干定位词存在,但是进一步对第2句话进行分析发现,该定位句并没有相关“peer pressure”出现的结果信息,因此继续下文搜寻答案来源信息,第三句话中“it”指代上文中的“peer pressure”。对第三句话进行分析,发现该句中的usually与题干中的often构成同义替换,而该句提到同龄人压力经常导致不好的事情发生,因此,确定本题我们的文中线索句是“It usually leads to no good—drinking, drugs and casual sex.”通过将线索句与选项进行匹配,不难发现D选项 a cause of undesirable behaviors(不良行为的原因)正是对线索句的同义改写。而错误选项C选项是无中生有选项,A、B选项为非线索句信息个别词汇干扰。

在考研英语复习期间,多做几遍近十年的考研英语真题对考生的复习还是很有帮助的。