阅读理解占据了考研英语试题比重的一半,但是影响考生们考研英语阅读水平和理解的是单词和长难句,尤其是长难句方面。文都考研网整理了一些历年考研英语阅读中的经典长难句,一起来看看吧!

长难句一:

While warnings are often appropriate and necessary – the dangers of drug interactions, for example – and many are required by state or federal regulations, it is not clear that they actually protect the manufacturers and sellers from liability if a customer is injured.

【词汇及词组】appropriate 恰当的;合适的

regulation 规则;条例;法令

liability 〔尤指法律上对还款、赔偿等的〕责任,义务

【结构精析】本句的主干是it is not clear that they actually protect the manufacturers and sellers from liability if a customer is injured. 而While warnings are often appropriate and necessary and many are required by state or federal regulations是本句的让步状语从句。(注意:while除了可以引导时间状语从句,还可引导让步状语从句,大家在理解句子时要注意区分该词的用法),在让步状语从句中,the dangers of drug interactions, for example 为插入语,对第一个让步小分句进行补充说明。

【参考翻译】尽管警告常常是适当而且必须的——比如对于药物相互作用的危险提出警告——许多警告还是按州或联邦政府规定要求给出的,然而(我们)并不清楚,如果顾客受到伤害时,这些警告是不是确实可以使得生产者和销售者豁免责任。

长难句二:

The organization of districts that meet the criteria suggested would make it possible to resolve the small-school problem in all except isolated and sparsely populated areas where such schools may have to be continued regardless of higher costs.

【词汇及词组】criteria (判断的) 标准

resolve 解决〔问题、困难〕;下决心(resolve to do sth)

isolated 〔建筑物、村庄等〕孤零零的,偏僻的;〔人〕孤单的,孤独的

sparsely populated 人口稀少的

regardless of 不管

【结构精析】本句的主干是The organization of districts would make it possible to resolve the small-school problem in all except isolated and sparsely populated areas. 其中that meet the criteria suggested 是The organization of districts的后置定语从句,where such schools may have to be continued regardless of higher costs在句中作isolated and sparsely populated areas的后置定语从句。

【参考翻译】按照提出的标准进行校区的划分,这可能会解决地区内学校规模小的问题,但对于偏远的、人口稀少的地区,尽管花费比较大,规模小的学校可能还得继续办下去。

在考研英语复习期间,多做几遍近十年的考研英语真题对考生的复习还是很有帮助的。