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  Section I Use of English

  The homeless make up a growing percentage of America’s population. __1_ homelessness has reached such proportions that local government can’t possibly __2__. To help homeless people __3__ independence, the federal government must support job training programs, __4__ the minimum wage, and fund more low-cost housing. __5__ everyone agrees on the numbers of Americans who are homeless. Estimates __6__ anywhere from 600,000 to 3 million. __7__ the figure may vary, analysts do agree on another matter: that the number of the homeless is __8__, one of the federal government’s studies __9__ that the number of the homeless will reach nearly 19 million by the end of this decade.

  Finding ways to __10__ this growing homeless population has become increasingly difficult. __11__ when homeless individuals manage to find a __12__ that will give them three meals a day and a place to sleep at night, a good number still spend the bulk of each day __13__ the street. Part of the problem is that many homeless adults are addicted to alcohol or drugs. And a significant number of the homeless have serious mental disorders. Many others, __14__ not addicted or mentally ill, simply lack the everyday __15__ skills need to turn their lives __16__. Boston Globe reporter Chris Reidy notes that the situation will improve only when there are __17__ programs that address the many needs of the homeless. __18__ Edward Blotkowsk, director of community service at Bentley College in Massachusetts, __19__ it, “There has to be __20__ of programs. What’s need is a package deal.”

  1. [A] Indeed [B] Likewise [C] Therefore [D] Furthermore

  2. [A] stand [B] cope [C] approve [D] retain

  3. [A] in [B] for [C] with [D] toward

  4. [A] raise [B] add [C] take [D] keep

  5. [A] Generally [B] Almost [C] Hardly [D] Not

  6. [A] cover [B]change [C]range [D]differ

  7. [A]now that [B]although [C]provided [D]Except that

  8. [A]inflating [B]expanding [C]increasing [D]extending

  9. [A]predicts [B]displays [C]proves [D]discovers

  10. [A]assist [B]track [C]sustain [D]dismiss

  11. [A]Hence [B]But [C]Even [D]Only

  12. [A]lodging [B]shelter [C]dwelling [D]house

  13. [A]searching [B]strolling [C]crowding [D]wandering

  14. [A]when [B]once [C]while [D]whereas

  15. [A]life [B]existence [C]survival [D]maintenance

  16. [A]around [B]over [C]on [D]up

  17. [A]complex [B]comprehensive [C]complementary [D]compensating

  18. [A]So [B]Since [C]As [D]Thus

  19. [A]puts [B]interprets [C]assumes [D]makes

  20. [A]supervision [B]manipulation [C]regulation [D]coordination

  Section II Reading Comprehension

  Part A

  Text 1

  In spite of “endless talk of difference,” American society is an amazing machine for homogenizing people. There is “the democratizing uniformity of dress and discourse, and the casualness and absence of consumption” launched by the 19th--century department stores that offered “vast arrays of goods in an elegant atmosphere. Instead of intimate shops catering to a knowledgeable elite.” these were stores “anyone could enter, regardless of class or background. This turned shopping into a public and democratic act.” The mass media, advertising and sports are other forces for homogenization.

  Immigrants are quickly fitting into this common culture, which may not be altogether elevating but is hardly poisonous. Writing for the National Immigration Forum, Gregory Rodriguez reports that today’s immigration is neither at unprecedented level nor resistant to assimilation. In 1998 immigrants were 9.8 percent of population; in 1900, 13.6 percent .In the 10 years prior to 1990, 3.1 immigrants arrived for every 1,000 residents; in the 10years prior to 1890, 9.2 for every 1,000. Now, consider three indices of assimilation –language, home ownership and intermarriage.

  The 1990 Census revealed that “a majority of immigrants from each of the fifteen most common countries of origin spoke English ‘well’ or ‘very well’ after ten years of residence.” The children of immigrants tend to be bilingual and proficient in English. “By the third generation, the original language is lost in the majority of immigrant families.” Hence the description of America as a “graveyard” for languages. By 1996 foreign–born immigrants who had arrived before 1970 had a home ownership rate of 75.6 percent, higher than the 69.8 percent rate among native-born Americans.

  Foreign-born Asians and Hispanics “have higher rates of intermarriage than do U.S –born whites and blacks.” By the third generation, one third of Hispanic women are married to non-Hispanics, and 41 percent of Asian–American women are married to non-Asians.

  Rodriguez note that children in remote villages around the world are fans of superstars like Arnold Schwarzenegger and Garth Brooks, yet “some Americans fear that immigrant living within the United States remain somehow immune to the nation’s assimilative power.”

  Are there divisive issues and pockets of seething anger in America? Indeed. It is big enough to have a bit of everything. But particularly when viewed against America’s turbulent past, today’s social induces suggest a dark and deteriorating social environment.

  21.The word “homogenizing” (Line 2, Paragraph 1) most probably means

  [A] identifying

  [B] associating

  [C] assimilating

  [D] monopolizing

  22. According to the author, the department stores of the 19th century

  [A] played a role in the spread of popular culture.

  [B] became intimate shops for common consumers.

  [C] satisfied the needs of a knowledgeable elite.

  [D] owed its emergence to the culture of consumption

  23.The text suggests that immigrants now in the U.S.

  [A] are resistant to homogenization.

  [B] exert a great influence on American culture.

  [C] are hardly a threat to the common culture.

  [D] constitute the majority of the population.

  24. Why are Arnold Schwarzenegger and Garth Brooks mentioned in Paragraph 5?

  [A] To prove their popularity around the world.

  [B] To reveal the public’s fear of immigrants.

  [C] To give examples of successful immigrants.

  [D] To show the powerful influence of American culture.

  25.In the author’s opinion, the absorption of immigrants into American society is

  [A] rewarding.

  [B] successful.

  [C] fruitless.

  [D] harmful.