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  Infants are wired to look at parents’ faces to try to understand their world, and if those faces are blank and unresponsive -- as they often are when absorbed in a device -- it can be extremely disconcerting for the children. Radesky cites the “still face experiment” devised by developmental psychologist Ed Tronick in the 1970s.

  be wired to do“天生”;try to do“试图做某事”;blank“空白的”,在此表示“没有表情的”;unresponsive“无反应的”;be absorbed in“专心于,全神贯注于”;extremely“非常,极其”;disconcerting“令人不安的”;cite“引用”;still face“无表情的脸”;devise“设计”;psychologist“心理学家”。

  In it, a mother is asked to interact with her child in a normal way before putting on a blank expression and not giving them any visual social feedback: The child becomes increasingly distressed as she tries to capture her mother’s attention. “Parents don’t have to be exquisitely present at all times, but there needs to be a balance and parents need to be responsive and sensitive to a child’s verbal or nonverbal expressions of an emotional need,” says Radesky.

  interact with“与...互动”;in a normal way“以正常的方式”;a blank expression“空白的表情”即“面无表情”;visual“视觉的”;social feedback“社会反馈”;become increasingly distressed“变得越来越苦恼”,increasingly相当于more and more,distressed“苦恼的,忧虑的”;capture one’s attention“吸引某人的注意力”;exquisitely“精致地,近乎完美地”;present“存在的”;be sensitive to“对...敏感”。

  On the other hand... an “oppressive ideology ... “It’s based on a somewhat fantasized... if you’re failing to expose your child to 30,000 words you are neglecting them.” ... Parents, he says, can get a lot out of using their devices to speak to a friend or get some work out of the way. This can make them feel happier, which lets them be more available to their child the rest of the time.

  oppressive ideology“压迫性的意识形态”;be based on“基于”;fantasized“幻想的,想象的”;fail to do“没能做某事”;expose sb. to“使某人接触”;neglect“忽视”;get sth. out of the way“处理”;be available to sb.“有时间陪伴某人”。

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