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  Though often viewed as a problem for western states, the growing frequency of wildfires is a national concern because of its impact on federal tax dollars, says Professor Max Moritz, a specialist in fire ecology and management.

  view as“视为”;western states“西方国家”;wildfire“火灾”;national concern“举国之忧”;federal“联邦的”;tax dollar“用来缴税的美元”。

  ... spent ... annual budget fighting fires ... In effect, fewer federal funds today are going towards the agency’s other work -- such as forest conservation, watershed and cultural resources management, and infrastructure upkeep -- that affect the lives of all Americans.

  spend money doing“花钱做某事”;annual budget“年度预算”;in effect“事实上”;fund“资金”;forest conservation“森林保护”;watershed“集水区”;affect动词“影响”。

  Another nationwide concern is whether public funds from other agencies are going into construction in fire-prone districts. As Moritz puts it, how often are federal dollars building homes that are likely to be lost to a wildfire?

  fire-prone district“容易引发火灾的地区”;be likely to be lost to a wildfire“可能毁于火灾”。

  “It’s already a huge problem from a public expenditure perspective for the whole country,” ... “... to concentrate on lower-hazard parts of the landscape?”

  expenditure“花费,经费”;concentrate on“集中精力于”;lower-hazard“低风险的”

  Such a view would require a corresponding shift in the way US society today views fire, researchers say.

  corresponding shift“相应的转变”。

  For one thing, conversations about wildfires need to be more inclusive... conditions that worsen fires.

  inclusive“范围广的”;worsen“使恶化”。

  While climate is a key element, Moritz says, it shouldn’t come at the expense of the rest of the equation.

  key element“关键因素”;at the expense of“以...为代价”。

  Failing to recognize that, he notes, leads to “an overly simplified view of what the solutions might be. Our perception of the problem and of what the solution is becomes very limited.”

  fail to do“没能做某事”。

  At the same time, people continue to treat fire as an event that needs to be wholly controlled and unleashed only out of necessity... But acknowledging fire’s inevitable presence in human life is an attitude crucial to developing the laws, policies, and practices...

  unleash“解除...的束缚”;out of necessity“出于必要”;inevitable presence“不可避免的存在”;be crucial to“对...至关重要”;develop“制定”;

  “We’ve disconnected ourselves from living with fire,” Balch says. “It is really important to understand and try and tease out what is the human connection with fire today.”

  disconnect from“与...断开联系”;tease out“梳理”。

  以上就是文都教育考研英语老师为大家梳理的2017年Text 4的要点。毕竟复习时间有限,为了简单高效完成复习任务,建议大家及早接触考研英语阅读,不断培养语感和解题能力。同时,结合阅读语境,词汇和语法的复习效果也会更佳。各位同学,行动起来吧!

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