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  President Trump has underlined fossil fuels -- especially coal -- as the path to economic growth. In a recent speech in Iowa, he dismissed wind power as an unreliable energy source. But that message did not play well with many in Iowa, where wind turbines dot the fields and provide 36 percent of the state’s electricity generation -- and where tech giants like Microsoft are being attracted by the availability of clean energy to power their data centers.

  underline“强调”;speech“演讲”;dismiss... as...“认为...而不予考虑”;unreliable“不可靠的”;play well with“起到很好的作用”;dot“点缀”;field“旷野”;electricity generation“发电”;tech giant“科技巨头”;attract“吸引”;availability“可用性”;data center“数据中心”。

  The question “what happens when the wind doesn’t blow or the sun doesn’t shine?” has provided a quick put-down for skeptics. But a boost in the storage capacity of batteries is making their ability to keep power flowing around the clock more likely.

  blow“风吹”;shine“发光”;put-down“贬低,奚落”;skeptic“怀疑者”;boost“提升”;storage capacity of battery“电池的存储容量”;flow around the clock可以理解为“持续不断,不间断”。

  The advance is driven in part by vehicle manufacturers, who are placing big bets on battery-powered electric vehicles. Although electric cars are still a rarity on roads now, this massive investment could change the picture rapidly in coming years.

  in part“在某种程度上”;vehicle manufacturer“车辆制造商”;place bets on“将赌注押在...”;battery-powered“用电池供电的”;electric vehicles“电车”;rarity“罕见之物”;massive investment“巨大的投资”;picture“情况,局面”。

  While there’s a long way to go, the trend lines for renewables are spiking. The pace of change in energy sources appears to be speeding up -- perhaps just in time to have a meaningful effect in slowing climate change. What Washington does -- or doesn’t do -- to promote alternative energy may mean less and less at a time of a global shift in thought.

  trend line“趋势线,走向线”;spike结合语境,可以理解为“突然增强”;pace“步伐”;speed up“加速”;just in time“及时,恰好”;have a meaningful effect in doing“对做某事造成重要的影响”;climate change“气候变化”;alternative energy“替代能源,新能源”;at a time of a global shift“在一个全球性转变的时期”;in thought“在思考之中”。

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