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  Competition law appears to be the only way to address these imbalances of power. But it is clumsy. For one thing, it is very slow compared to the pace of change within the digital economy. By the time a problem has been addressed and remedied it may have vanished in the marketplace, to be replaced by new abuses of power. But there is a deeper conceptual problem, too.

  competition“竞争”;address“处理,解决”;imbalance“不平衡,失衡”;clumsy“笨拙的”;compared to“与...相比”;pace of change“变化的步伐”;remedy“补救,纠正”;vanish“消失”;be replaced by“为...所取代”;abuses of power“权力的滥用”;a deeper conceptual problem“更深层次的概念问题”。

  Competition law as presently interpreted deals with financial disadvantage to consumers and this is not obvious when the users of these services don’t pay for them. The users of their services are not their customers. That would be the people who buy advertising from them -- and Facebook and Google, the two virtual giants, dominate digital advertising to the disadvantage of all other media and entertainment companies.

  as presently interpreted为插入语,interpret“阐释”;deal with“处理”;financial disadvantage“财政上的损失”,disadvantage“损失,不利条件”;pay for“为...付钱”;advertising“广告”;virtual giant“虚拟巨头”;dominate“”;entertainment company“娱乐公司”。

  The product they’re selling is data, and we, the users, convert our lives to data for the benefit of the digital giants. Just as some ants farm the bugs called aphids for the honeydew they produce when they feed, so Google farms us for the data that our digital lives yield. Ants keep predatory insects away from where their aphids feed; Gmail keeps the spammers out of our inboxes. It doesn’t feel like a human or democratic relationship, even if both sides benefit.

  convert... to...“转换到...”;for the benefit of“为了...的利益”;farm“养殖”;bug“臭虫”;aphid“蚜虫”;honeydew“蜜汁,蜜露”;feed“吃东西”;yield“产生”;predatory insect“食肉昆虫”;keep... away from...“使...远离...”;Gmail“谷歌邮箱”;spammer“滥发垃圾邮件者”;inbox“收件箱”;democratic“民主的”。

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