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  To combat the trap of putting a premium on being busy, Cal Newport, author of Deep Work: Rules for Focused Success in a Distracted World, recommends building a habit of “deep work” -- the ability to focus without distraction.

  combat“反对,与...战斗”;trap“陷阱,圈套”;premium“奖金”,put a premium on“重视,鼓励”;focused“专注的”;distracted“注意力分散的”;recommend“推荐,建议”;build a habit of“养成...习惯”。

  There are a number of approaches to mastering the art of deep work -- be it lengthy retreats dedicated to a specific task; developing a daily ritual; or taking a “journalistic” approach to seizing moments of deep work when you can throughout the day. Whichever approach, the key is to determine your length of focus time and stick to it.

  a number of“许多”;approach“方法,途径”;master“掌握”;lengthy retreat“长期的隐退”;be dedicated to“致力于”;a specific task“特定任务,具体任务”;develop“制定”;daily ritual“日常惯例”;journalistic“新闻业的,新闻工作者的”;throughout the day“整天”;whichever approach“无论哪种方式”;determine“确定”;stick to it“坚持下去”。

  Newport also recommends “deep scheduling” to combat constant interruptions and get more done in less time. “At any given point, I should have deep work scheduled for roughly the next month. Once on the calendar I protect this time like I would a doctor’s appointment or important meeting”, he writes.

  constant interruption“不停的间断”;get more done in less time“用更少的时间做更多的事情”;at any given point“在任一既定的时间点”;schedule“安排,计划”;roughly“大致”;calendar“日程表,日历”;appointment“预约”。

  Another approach to getting more done in less time is to rethink how you prioritize your day -- in particular how we craft our to-do lists. Tim Harford, author of Messy: The Power of Disorder to Transform Our Lives, points to a study in the early 1980s that divided undergraduates into two groups: some were advised to set out monthly goals and study activities; others were told to plan activities and goals in much more detail, day by day.

  prioritize“区分优先顺序”;in particular“尤其”;craft“精巧地制作”即“巧妙地制定”;to-do list“任务清单,工作安排”;messy“凌乱的”;disorder“混乱”;divide... into...“将...划分成...”;undergraduate“大学生”;set out goals“制定目标”;in detail“详细地”。

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