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  对考研英语来说,阅读的重要性不言而喻。为了帮助各位同学更好地复习,文都教育考研英语老师为大家梳理一下历年真题阅读文章中涉及的要点,包括词汇、短语、长难句以及简单的阅读方法。接下来看一下考研英语历年真题阅读要点之2017-Text 3(一),这篇文章主要探讨了GDP并非衡量经济发展的全部,应该更多关注与人民幸福相关的指标。

  Robert F. Kennedy once said that a country’s GDP measures “everything except that which makes life worthwhile.” With Britain voting to leave the European Union, and GDP already predicted to slow as a result, it is now a timely moment to assess what he was referring to.

  measure“衡量”;worthwhile“值得的”;vote to do“投票去做某事”;predict“预测”;as a result“结果”;a timely moment“恰当的时机”;assess“评估”;refer to“涉及,提到”。

  The question of GDP and its usefulness has annoyed policymakers for over half a century. Many argue that it is a flawed concept. It measures things that do not matter and misses things that do. By most recent measures, the UK’s GDP has been the envy of the Western world, with record low unemployment and high growth figures. If everything was going so well, then why did over 17 million people vote for Brexit, despite the warnings about what it could do to their country’s economic prospects?

  annoy“烦扰”;policymaker“决策者”;argue“认为”;flawed“有缺陷的”;concept“概念”;matter“要紧”;miss“错过”;envy“羡慕的对象”;record在此充当形容词“创纪录的”;low unemployment“低失业率”;vote for“投票赞成”;Brexit指“英国退欧”;despite“尽管”,相当于in spite of;warning“警告”;economic prospects“经济前景”。

  A recent annual study of countries and their ability to convert growth into well-being sheds some light on that question. Across the 163 countries measured, the UK is one of the poorest performers in ensuring that economic growth is translated into meaningful improvements for its citizens. Rather than just focusing on GDP, over 40 different sets of criteria from health, education and civil society engagement have been measured to get a more rounded assessment of how countries are performing.

  annual“年度的,每年的”;convert... into...“转变”;well-being“幸福”;shed light on“阐明”;performer“执行者”;ensure“确保”;economic growth“经济增长”;translate into“转化成”;improvement“改善”;citizen“公民”;rather than“而不是”;focus on“关注”;criterion“标准”,复数形式criteria;civil society engagement“民间社会参与”;rounded“全面的”;assessment“评估”。

  以上就是文都教育考研英语老师为大家梳理的2017年Text 3前三段的要点。毕竟复习时间有限,为了简单高效完成复习任务,建议大家及早接触考研英语阅读,不断培养语感和解题能力。同时,结合阅读语境,词汇和语法的复习效果也会更佳。

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