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  对考研英语来说,阅读的重要性不言而喻。为了帮助各位同学更好地复习,文都教育考研英语老师为大家梳理一下历年真题阅读文章中涉及的要点,包括词汇、短语、长难句以及简单的阅读方法。接下来看一下考研英语历年真题阅读要点之2017-Text 4(一),这篇文章主要探讨了对贪污受贿行为新的认定和解释。

  In a rare unanimous ruling, the US Supreme Court has overturned the corruption conviction of a former Virginia governor, Robert McDonnell. But it did so while holding its nose at the ethics of his conduct, which included accepting gifts such as a Rolex watch and a Ferrari Automobile from a company seeking access to government.

  rare“稀有的”;unanimous“意见一致的,无异议的”;ruling“裁定”;the Supreme Court“最高法院”;overturn“推翻”;corruption“腐败”;conviction“定罪”;former“前任的”;hold one’s nose at“对...嗤之以鼻”;ethic“道德规范”,也可以充当形容词,表示“伦理的,道德的”,相当于ethical;conduct“行为”;seek access to“企图接近”。

  The high court’s decision said the judge in Mr. McDonnell’s trail failed to tell a jury that it must look only at his “official acts,” or the former governor’s decisions on “specific” and “unsettled” issues related to his duties.

  decision“决议”;judge“法官”;fail to do“没能做某事”;jury“陪审团”;look at“考虑,着眼于”;official act“官方行为”;specific“特殊的”;unsettled“未决定的”;be related to“与...有关”;duty“职责”。

  Merely helping a gift-giver gain access to other officials, unless done with clear intent to pressure those officials, is not corruption, the justices found.

  gift-giver“送礼者”;gain access to“获得接近...的机会”;official“官员”;unless“除非”;clear intent to do“做某事的明确意图”;pressure“对...施加压力”;justice“法官”。

  The court did suggest that accepting favors in return for opening doors is “distasteful” and “nasty.” But under anti-bribery laws, proof must be made of concrete benefits, such as approval of a contract or regulation. Simply arranging a meeting, making a phone call, or hosting an event is not an “official act.”

  accept favors在此指“接受礼物,收受贿赂”;in return for“作为回报”;distasteful“令人厌恶的”,含义同nasty;anti-bribery law“反贿赂法”;proof“证据”;concrete benefits“具体的利益”;approval of“批准”;contract“合同”;regulation“规则”;arrange“安排”;host“主办”。

  以上就是文都教育考研英语老师为大家梳理的2017年Text 4前四段的要点。毕竟复习时间有限,为了简单高效完成复习任务,建议大家及早接触考研英语阅读,不断培养语感和解题能力。同时,结合阅读语境,词汇和语法的复习效果也会更佳。

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