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  对考研英语来说,阅读的重要性不言而喻。为了帮助各位同学更好地复习,文都教育考研英语老师为大家梳理一下历年真题阅读文章中涉及的要点,包括词汇、短语、长难句以及简单的阅读方法。接下来看一下考研英语历年真题阅读要点之2017-Text 4(二),这篇文章主要探讨了对贪污受贿行为新的认定和解释。

  The court’s ruling is legally sound in defining a kind of favoritism that is not criminal. Elected leaders must be allowed to help supporters deal with bureaucratic problems without fear of prosecution of bribery. “The basic compact underlying representative government,” wrote Chief Justice John Roberts for the court, “assumes that public officials will hear from their constituents and act on their concerns.”

  sound“健全的,合理的”;define“定义”;favoritism“偏袒”;criminal“犯罪的”;elected“选出的”;supporter“支持者”;deal with“处理”;bureaucratic“官僚政治的”;without fear of“不担心”;prosecution“检举,起诉”;bribery“贿赂”;compact“合同,契约”;underlie“构成...的基础”;representative government“代议制政府”;assume“假设”;hear from“收到来信”,在此可以表示“倾听...的诉求”;constituent“选民”;act on“按照...行事”;concern“担忧,关注”。

  But the ruling reinforces the need for citizens and their elected representatives, not the courts, to ensure equality of access to government. Officials must not be allowed to play favorites in providing information or in arranging meetings simply because an individual or group provides a campaign donation or a personal gift. This type of integrity requires well-enforced laws in government transparency, such as records of official meetings, rules on lobbying, and information about each elected leader’s source of wealth.

  reinforce“加强”;representative“代表”;ensure“确保”;equality“平等”;play favorites“厚此薄彼,偏袒”;provide“提供”;arrange“安排”;campaign donation“捐赠活动”;integrity“廉正”;well-enforced“充分实施的”;transparency“透明度”;lobbying“游说”;source of wealth“财富的来源”。

  Favoritism in official access can fan public perceptions of corruption. But it is not always corruption. Rather officials must avoid double standards, or different types of access for average people and the wealthy. If connections can be bought, a basic premise of democratic society -- that all are equal in treatment by government -- is undermined. Good government rests on an understanding of the inherent worth of each individual.

  fan“煽动”;public perception“公众认知”;corruption“贪污,腐败”;rather“相反”;avoid“避免”;double standards“双重标准”;average people“普通人”;the wealthy“富人”;connection“关系”;basic premise“基本前提”;democratic society“民主社会”;equal“平等的”;treatment“对待”;undermine“破坏”;rest on“依赖”;inherent worth“固有价值”。

  The court’s ruling is a step forward in the struggle against both corruption and official favoritism.

  struggle against“与...斗争”。

  以上就是文都教育考研英语老师为大家梳理的2017年Text 4后四段的要点。毕竟复习时间有限,为了简单高效完成复习任务,建议大家及早接触考研英语阅读,不断培养语感和解题能力。同时,结合阅读语境,词汇和语法的复习效果也会更佳。

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