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  为了提升阅读能力,一定要将方法与实践相结合。历年真题是最宝贵的复习资料。为了帮助各位同学更好地复习,文都教育考研英语老师为大家梳理一下历年真题阅读文章中涉及的要点,包括词汇、短语、长难句以及简单的阅读方法。接下来看一下考研英语历年真题阅读要点之2018-Text 1(一),这篇文章主要探讨了自动化对中产阶级的影响及其可能的解决途径。

  Among the annoying challenges facing the middle class is one that will probably go unmentioned in the next presidential campaign: What happens when the robots come for their jobs?

  annoying“讨厌的”;challenge“挑战”;unmentioned“未提到的”;presidential campaign“总统选举活动”;come for“为某种目的而来取,对...进行袭击”。

  Don’t dismiss that possibility entirely. About half of U.S. jobs are at high risk of being automated, according to a University of Oxford study, with the middle class disproportionately squeezed. Lower-income jobs like gardening or day care don’t appeal to robots. But many middle-class occupations -- trucking, financial advice, software engineering -- have aroused their interest, or soon will. The rich own the robots, so they will be fine.

  dismiss“不予考虑”;at high risk of“有...的极高风险”;automate“使自动化”;disproportionately“不成比例地”;squeeze“压榨”;gardening“园艺”;day care“日间托儿所”;appeal to“吸引...”;occupation“职业”;trucking“货车运输”;financial advice“理财咨询”;software engineering“软件工程”;arouse interest“引起兴趣”;the rich“富人”;fine“好的”,在此指富人不会受到负面影响。

  This isn’t to be alarmist. Optimists point out that technological upheaval has benefited workers in the past. The Industrial Revolution didn’t go so well for Luddites whose jobs were displaced by mechanized looms, but it eventually raised living standards and created more jobs than it destroyed. Likewise, automation should eventually boost productivity, stimulate demand by driving down prices, and free workers from hard, boring work. But in the medium term, middle-class workers may need a lot of help adjusting.

  alarmist“危言耸听的,忧虑的”;point out“指出”;upheaval“剧变”;benefit“使...受益”;be displaced by“为...所取代”;mechanized“机械化的”;loom“织布机”;raise living standards“提升生活水平”;destroy“毁掉”;likewise“同样地”;automation“自动化”;boost“促进”;productivity“生产率”;stimulate“刺激”;demand“需求”;drive down prices“压低价格”;free... from...“使...摆脱...”;in the medium term“在中期”;middle-class workers may need a lot of help adjusting“中产阶级工人可能在适应方面需要许多帮助”。

  以上就是文都教育考研英语老师为大家梳理的2018年Text 1前三段的要点。为了简单高效完成复习任务,建议大家及早接触考研英语阅读,不断培养语感和解题能力。同时,结合阅读语境,词汇和语法的复习效果也会更佳,从而事半功倍!

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  文都考研会及时为考生们推送新鲜、有效且实用复习资料、资讯类以及考研英语历年真题等信息,来帮助征战2019考研的考生。关注文都考研网kaoyan.wendu.com,了解更多有关考研的相关内容。

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