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  为了提升阅读能力,一定要将方法与实践相结合。历年真题是最宝贵的复习资料。为了帮助各位同学更好地复习,文都教育考研英语老师为大家梳理一下历年真题阅读文章中涉及的要点,包括词汇、短语、长难句以及简单的阅读方法。接下来看一下考研英语历年真题阅读要点之2018-Text 3(二),这篇文章主要探讨了英国国家医疗系统和深度思维公司之间达成的协议存在的隐患。

  There are lessons about informed patient consent to learn. But privacy is not the only angle in this case and not even the most important. Ms. Denham chose to concentrate the blame on the NHS trust, since under existing law it “controlled” the data and DeepMind merely “processed" it. But this distinction misses the point that it is processing and aggregation, not the mere possession of bits, that gives the data value.

  informed“知情的”;consent“同意,赞成”;learn lessons about“吸取关于...的经验教训”;privacy“隐私”;angle“角度”;concentrate on“集中精力于,全神贯注于”;blame“责备”;under existing law“在现行法律下”;data复数形式“数据”,其单数形式为datum;distinction“区分”;miss the point“没有抓住要领”;aggregation“聚集”;possession“拥有”。

  The great question is who should benefit from the analysis of all the data that our lives now generate. Privacy law builds on the concept of damage to an individual from identifiable knowledge about them. That misses the way the surveillance economy works. The data of an individual there gains its value only when it is compared with the data of countless millions more.

  benefit from“受益于”;analysis“分析”;generate“产生”;privacy law“隐私法”;concept“概念”;damage“损害”;identifiable“可以确认的”;miss the way“迷失方向,误入歧途”;surveillance“监督”;work“起作用”;gain its value“获取其价值”;be compared with“与...相比较”;countless“无数的”。

  The use of privacy law to curb the tech giants in this instance feels slightly maladapted. This practice does not address the real worry. It is not enough to say that the algorithms DeepMind develops will benefit patients and save lives. What matters is that they will belong to a private monopoly which developed them using public resources.

  curb“抑制”;maladapted“不适应的”;address“处理,解决”;algorithm“算法”;belong to“属于”;monopoly“垄断者”;public resources“公共资源”。

  If software promises to save lives on the scale that dugs now can, big data may be expected to behave as a big pharm has done. We are still at the beginning of this revolution and small choices now may turn out to have gigantic consequences later. A long struggle will be needed to avoid a future of digital feudalism. Ms Denham’s report is a welcome start.

  promise“承诺”;scale“规模,范围”;behave as“起...作用,相当于”;pharmacy“药房”;have gigantic consequences“有巨大的影响”;feudalism“封建制度”。

  以上就是文都教育考研英语老师为大家梳理的2018年Text 3的要点。为了简单高效完成复习任务,建议大家及早接触考研英语阅读,不断培养语感和解题能力。同时,结合阅读语境,词汇和语法的复习效果也会更佳,从而事半功倍!

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  文都考研会及时为考生们推送新鲜、有效且实用复习资料、资讯类以及考研英语历年真题等信息,来帮助征战2019考研的考生。关注文都考研网kaoyan.wendu.com,了解更多有关考研的相关内容。

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