考研复试交流群:695187067 点击一键加群微信公众号【考研复试调剂】

  考研小编推荐:【全国高校2018考研调剂信息|调剂流程汇总全国高校2018考研成绩查询时间】【2018考研复试综合指导2018考研复试专题

  为了提升阅读能力,一定要将方法与实践相结合。历年真题是最宝贵的复习资料。为了帮助各位同学更好地复习,文都教育考研英语老师为大家梳理一下历年真题阅读文章中涉及的要点,包括词汇、短语、长难句以及简单的阅读方法。接下来看一下考研英语历年真题阅读要点之2018-Text 4(二),这篇文章主要探讨了美国邮政管理局面临的问题。

  Now comes word that everyone involved ... has finally agreed on a plan to fix the system. Legislation is moving through the House that would save USPS an estimated $28.6 billion over five years, which could help pay for new vehicles, among other survival measures. Most of the money would come from a penny-per-letter permanent rate increase and from shifting postal retirees into Medicare. The latter step would largely offset the financial burden of annually pre-funding retiree health care, thus addressing a long-standing complaint by the USPS and its union.

  agree on“对...取得一致意见”;fix“修复”;legislation“立法,法律”;move through“穿过”,在此引申为“通过...审查”;estimated“估算的”;survival measures“用以生存的措施”;permanent rate increase“永久的利率增加”;shift... into...“转移...到...”;retiree“退休人员”;Medicare“(美国)国家老年人医疗保险制度”;offset“抵消,弥补”;financial burden“财政负担”;pre-funding“预先融资”;long-standing“存在已久的”;complaint“抱怨,投诉”。

  If it clears the House, this measure would still have to get through the Senate -- where someone is bound to point out that it amounts to the bare, bare minimum necessary to keep the Postal Service afloat, not comprehensive reform. There’s no change to collective bargaining at the USPS, a major omission considering that personnel accounts for 80 percent of the agency’s costs. Also missing is any discussion of eliminating Saturday letter delivery. That common-sense change enjoys wide public support and would save the USPS $2 billion per year. But postal special-interest groups seem to have killed it, at least in the House. The emerging consensus around the bill is a sign that legislators are getting frightened about a politically embarrassing short-term collapse at the USPS. It is not, however, a sign that they’re getting serious about transforming the postal system for the 21st century.

  clear“清理”,在此表示“通过”即“通过...审查”,含义同get through;be bound to do“必定,一定”;amount to“相当于”;bare minimum necessary“所需的绝对最小值”;comprehensive reform“全面改革”;collective bargaining“(劳资双方就工资、工作条件等进行的)集体谈判”;omission“疏忽”;personnel“全体员工”;account for“(比例)占据...”;eliminate在此可以理解为“取消”;letter delivery“信件投递”;common-sense“常识的”;enjoy wide public support“享有广泛的公众支持”;special-interest groups“特殊利益群体”;emerging“最近出现的”;consensus“共识,舆论”;get frightened about“对...感到害怕”;collapse“倒塌,失败”;get serious about“认真对待”。

  以上就是文都教育考研英语老师为大家梳理的2018年Text 4后两段的要点。为了简单高效完成复习任务,建议大家及早接触考研英语阅读,不断培养语感和解题能力。同时,结合阅读语境,词汇和语法的复习效果也会更佳,从而事半功倍!

  更多【全国各省高校2018考研成绩查询时间/入口】、【历年考研国家线汇总(2013年-2017年)】、【全国各高校2018考研调剂信息|调剂流程汇总】、【全国各高校2018考研复试通知|复试分数线汇总】详尽信息,皆在文都考研网。

  文都考研会及时为考生们推送新鲜、有效且实用复习资料、资讯类以及考研英语历年真题等信息,来帮助征战2019考研的考生。关注文都考研网kaoyan.wendu.com,了解更多有关考研的相关内容。

  2019考研交流③群:649196350点击一键加群

  2018复试交流②群:222591160点击一键加群

  2019考研交流①群:564565877点击一键加群

  2019考研交流总群:606781691点击一键加群