让我们继续来进行2020考研英语复习,这是波妈每日一讲第215讲,大家学习参考。跟着文都英语老师波妈,学会一个词分析一个句子,坚持下去文都考研陪你一起走向考研之日!

2020考研波妈每日一讲第215讲

态度题之符合全文中心:

For the past several years, the Sunday newspaper supplement Parade has featured a column called “Ask Marilyn.” People are invited to query Marilyn vos Savant, who at age 10 had tested at a mental level of someone about 23 years old; that gave her an IQ of 228 – the highest score ever recorded. IQ tests ask you to complete verbal and visual analogies, to envision paper after it has been folded and cut, and to deduce numerical sequences, among other similar tasks. So it is a bit confusing when vos Savant fields such queries from the average Joe (whose IQ is 100) as, What’s the difference between love and fondness? Or what is the nature of luck and coincidence? It’s not obvious how the capacity to visualize objects and to figure out numerical patterns suits one to answer questions that have eluded some of the best poets and philosophers.

Clearly, intelligence encompasses more than a score on a test. Just what does it mean to be smart? How much of intelligence can be specified, and how much can we learn about it from neurology, genetics, computer science and other fields?

The defining term of intelligence in humans still seems to be the IQ score, even though IQ tests are not given as often as they used to be. The test comes primarily in two forms: the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale and the Wechsler Intelligence Scales (both come in adult and children’s version). Generally costing several hundred dollars, they are usually given only by psychologists, although variations of them populate bookstores and the World Wide Web. Superhigh scores like vos Savant’s are no longer possible, because scoring is now based on a statistical population distribution among age peers, rather than simply dividing the mental age by the chronological age and multiplying by 100. Other standardized tests, such as the Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) and the Graduate Record Exam (GRE), capture the main aspects of IQ tests.

Such standardized tests may not assess all the important elements necessary to succeed in school and in life, argues Robert J. Sternberg. In his article “How Intelligent Is Intelligence Testing?”, Sternberg notes that traditional test best assess analytical and verbal skills but fail to measure creativity and practical knowledge, components also critical to problem solving and life success. Moreover, IQ tests do not necessarily predict so well once populations or situations change. Research has found that IQ predicted leadership skills when the tests were given under low-stress conditions, but under high-stress conditions, IQ was negatively correlated with leadership – that is, it predicted the opposite. Anyone who has toiled through SAT will testify that test-taking skill also matters, whether it’s knowing when to guess or what questions to skip.

What is the author’s attitude towards IQ tests?

[A] Supportive.

[B] Skeptical.

[C] Impartial.

[D] Biased.

熟词生意,温故知新

advance 【大纲: 31】 [ədˈvɑːns] 

n.前进,进步vi.前进 vt.推进

考点:

advance toward朝着……前进;

in advance提前

earn 【大纲: 30】 [ɜːn] 

vt.赚;获得;给(为)…赚得

考点:

earn one’s keep维持生计;

earn money 赚钱;

earn one's living谋生

fear  【大纲: 30】 [fɪə] 

n.害怕,担心vt.害怕,担心

考点:

for fear of以免

hand 【大纲: 30】 [hænd] 

n.手 v.递

考点:  

at hand在眼前;

on the one hand一方面

away 【大纲: 29】 [əˈweɪ] 

adv.到远处,远离

考点:  

keep away from远离;

give away赠送;

drive away赶走

have gone away消失

meet 【大纲: 29】 [miːt] 

v.遇见,满足

考点:

make ends meet收支相抵

regard 【大纲: 28】 [rɪˈgɑːd] 

vt.把…当做

考点:

regard A as B把A看做B;

with regard to至于,关于

key 【大纲: 27】 [kiː] 

adj.关键的 n.答案;钥匙;关键;键 v.键入

考点:

the key to A A的关键,A的答案;

key in 键入

check 【大纲: 26】 [tʃek] 

n.检查;支票 vt.检查;抑制,制止

fall 【大纲: 26】 [fɔːl] 

vi.下降;减少;阵亡

n.下降;减少;秋天;瀑布;

<英>Autumn;fall fell fallen

考点:

fall short of expectations没有达到预期;

fall sick生病;

fall asleep入睡

 

——波妈

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人生的每一刻,都不能缺少从头再来的勇气 一切,都还来得及。从现在开始跟着考研英语复习学习都不算迟。波妈的每日一讲简单明了,稍稍用心就可以听懂,大家加油冲鸭~