长难句是考研英语阅读考查知识的重点,考生在进行考研英语阅读复习时,要把握长难句的准确语义。本期文都考研名师为大家讲解历年考研英语阅读真题长难句解析,希望能够帮助考生进行考研英语长难句复习。

今天我们学习的是来自考研英语(一)2006年真题阅读Text1,文章选自《新闻周刊》,主要讲的是美国文化同化问题。

1、原文

People are absorbed into “a culture of consumption” launched by the 19th-century department stores that offered vast arrays of goods in an elegant atmosphere.(第1段第3句)

2、重点词汇及短语

① be absorbed into.... 被吸引到~

② culture n. 文化,文明,修养,栽培 v. 使有教养,培养

③ consumption n. 消费,消耗,耗尽,肺痨

④ launch v. 发起,发射,开始从事

n. 发射,投放市场,下水,发行

⑤ department store 百货商店

⑥ offer v. 给予,表示愿意(做某事),提供,出价

n. 提供,出价,提供物,提议

⑦ vast adj. 巨大的,辽阔的,大量的,巨额的

⑧ array n. 排队,排列

⑨ goods n. 商品,货物,财产

⑩ elegant adj. 优雅的,端庄的,雅致的

⑪ atmosphere n. 大气层,空气,气氛,大气压

3、句子分析

分析句子首先要提取主干部分,句子主干为People are absorbed into “a culture of consumption”。launched by the 19th-century department stores是a culture of consumption的后置定语,因为 the 19th-century department stores与a culture of consumption是被动关系,所以中间采用非谓语动词launched连接。此处,如果是主动关系,需要用动词的ing形式。后边 that offered vast arrays of goods in an elegant atmosphere.是一个定语从句,修饰词是department stores,连接词是that。因此,原句可以分为三个小句。第一句为People are absorbed into “a culture of consumption”。第二句为“A culture of consumption” is launched by the 19th-century department stores。第三句为Department stores offered vast arrays of goods in an elegant atmosphere.2019考研英语凯旋门

4、译文

人们被吸引到由19世纪的百货商店发起的消费文化中,这些商店在高雅气氛中提供各式商品。2019考研英语阅读五夜十篇精读

5、近义词拓展

① consumption≈ utilization/ expenditure

② vast≈ huge/ enormous/ immense/ giant/ colossal/ tremendous

③ array≈ order

④ goods≈ merchandise/ ware/ freight/ commodity (商品)

goods≈ wealth/ assets/ estate/ property/ resources(财产,财富)

⑤ elegant≈ cultured/ superior/ refined/ tasteful/ polished/ fine

⑥ atmosphere≈ surroundings/ setting/ ambience/ environment/ air

今天文都小编给大家总结的长难句分析,分析过程主要是化长句为简单句。另外文中补充了重要词汇的近义词,大家也可以进行词汇扩展,因为同义词也是阅读中一个非常重要的考察思路,望大家及时的进行复习和巩固。

同义词是考研英语阅读中非常重要的考察思路,希望考生们在进行考研英语复习时,能够巩固所学知识点。