2019考研在即,对于考研英语题型你有准备吗?现在文都考研网给大家带来了做题方法之七选五文章特点。目前考生需要注意复习的全面性,各个模块都要梳理到位,尤其是前期没有给予足够重视的模块,比如新题型。与传统的阅读理解不同,新题型更侧重的是对文章结构的把握,弄清楚这一点至关重要。

2019考研英语新题型做题方法之七选五文章特点

既然出题侧重考查文章结构,所以一定要熟悉行文模式。下面就Pant B涉及的七选五题型的文章特点展开说明。这部分的学术文章常见行文模式有以下几种:层层递进型,即文章的几个段落是从抽象到具体、从简单到复杂的过程,各段之间为递进关系,有时这种文章的中心思想出现在层层递进的最后一段。抛砖引玉型,即文章第一段通过噱头或例子或反面观点,引出文章的讨论内容,而真正的中心出现在第一段之后。问题回答型,即文章的第一段提出一个问题,随后各段中提供该问题的答案。文章的中心思想就是该问题的直接答案。例如层层递进型文章的开头,我们可以参照下面的大纲例题进行分析。

Long before Man lived on the Earth, there were fishes, reptiles, birds, insects, and some mammals. Although some of these animals were ancestors of kinds living today, others are now extinct, that is, they have no descendants alive now. 41)__________________.

Very occasionally the rocks show impression of skin, so that, apart from color, we can build up a reasonably accurate picture of an animal that died millions of years ago. The kind of rock in which the remains are found tells us much about the nature of the original land, often of the plants that grew on it, and even of its climate.

42)__________________. Nearly all of the fossils that we know were preserved in rocks formed by water action, and most of these are of animals that lived in or near water. Thus it follows that there must be many kinds of mammals, birds, and insects of which we know nothing.

这是一篇考研英语大纲七选五样题。本文的开篇提到史前动物,由此引出文章主题:动物化石。第二段有抽象到具体,具体解释化石上的动物印记。第三段进一步递进,说明化石保存的原因。

考研英语的新题型增设于2005年,其考查目标主要侧重两点:第一:考查对文章结构整体把握,要求掌握文章的主旨和段落主题,理清文章的发展脉络,把握文章的起承转合关系。第二:考查对语篇、语段特征的理解。文章或段落的主题可能是显性的,也可能是隐性的,但文章或段落的展开却紧紧围绕着一个中心,并服务于这个中心,或陈述其原因,或叙述其结果,或罗列事实,或举例论证。这是2019考研新题型备考考生必须了解的文章特点。

众所周知,考研不仅是一场智力的竞技,更是一场应试技巧的较量。短期内基础难以提高,掌握了一定的技巧,走点捷径,也能实现弯道超越,快速提高考研分数。希望同学们可以以正确的态度对待模板,总结出自己一套写作思路。

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