用户习惯有助于Facebook等的成功,这是带给大家的何凯文每日一句第179句。标准键盘的布局故意设计的低效,以减少打字机的机械按键卡住的频率,这个功能已无用,但我们仍用标准键盘上打字,因为大家已经习惯了。文都考研告诉大家,那些能让你真正成长的事,都不会太舒服,但只要坚持下来,就会给你带来蜕变。

用户习惯:2020何凯文每日一句第179句

今天的句子:

The QWERTY keyboard layout was designed to be deliberately inefficient so that the mechanical keys of the typewriter would jam less frequently. That feature is no longer relevant, but it doesn’t matter—we’re still typing on QWERTY keyboards, because that’s what people are used to. The same principle is what makes Google or Facebook or Amazon so massive.

思考题:

Which of the following is true according to the text?

(A) QWERTY keyboards are still in use because of the mechanical keys.

(B) The habit of using QWERTY keyboards helps Google and the like.

(C) The user’s habit contributes to the success of Facebook and its like.

(D) QWERTY keyboards are popular due to its efficiency and less jamming.

词汇突破:

1. The QWERTY keyboard layout 标准键盘的布局

2. deliberately 有意地

3. massive 体量巨大

4. And the like 等等;根据之前名词性质的不同可以改写为:

and its like; and her like; and his like和and their like 等;

第一句:

The QWERTY keyboard layout was designed to be deliberately inefficient so that the mechanical keys of the typewriter would jam less frequently.

切分:

1. The QWERTY keyboard layout was designed to be deliberately inefficient

2. so that the mechanical keys of the typewriter would jam less frequently.

参考译文:标准键盘的布局故意设计的低效,以减少打字机的机械按键卡住的频率。

第二句:

That feature is no longer relevant, but it doesn’t matter—we’re still typing on QWERTY keyboards, because that’s what people are used to.

切分:

1. That feature is no longer relevant,

2.but it doesn’t matter—

3.we’re still typing on QWERTY keyboards,

4.because that’s what people are used to.

参考译文:这个功能已无用武之处,但没有关系——我们仍用标准键盘上打字,因为大家已经习惯了。

第三句:

The same principle is what makes Google or Facebook or Amazon so massive.

(what 需要做is 的表语,同时需要做makes的主语。)

(What= something that)

1.The same principle is something

2.that makes Google or Facebook or Amazon so massive.

参考译文:同一规则也让谷歌、脸书和亚马逊体量巨大。

思考题:

(A) QWERTY keyboards are still in use because of the mechanical keys.

没有这个因果关系,所以可以判定为错误!

(B) The habit of using QWERTY keyboards helps Google and the like.

键盘是个类比,是个引入,是个例子。这里主语被偷换,不是使用这个键盘的习惯,而是宽泛的用户习惯帮助了谷歌等公司。

(C) The user’s habit contributes to the success of Facebook and its like.

这个就是最 佳选项,“用户习惯有助于Facebook等的成功。”符合最后一句话所说。

当然有同学说,massive 就等于成功吗?当然不一定,但是在这里C选项已经是最 佳选项了,因为其他三个选项一定不对。

(D) QWERTY keyboards are popular due to its efficiency and less jamming.

因为效率高并且更少被卡住,所以标准键盘现在很流行。

这是不对的,标准键盘现在很流行只是因为用户习惯。

文章来源和背景:

内燃机一百多年占据主 导地位并不是因为它是最 好的引擎,而是历史的偶然让其获得了起始优势。很多事情都是这样,用户的习惯成了历史的推动力,很多产品也被打上了刻板的印记。比如:支付宝就是用来买单的,想要做社交聊天软件是很难。爱奇艺就是用来看奇葩说的,短视频抖音上的才比较夯。现在来看一下QWERTY keyboard,就是我们现在用的标准键盘。左到右就是这个六个字母。这种排组合从打字的角度来讲其实是非常不合理的,当时之所以这样设计是因为,如果打字者速度很快的话,当时打字机的机械按键就非常容易被卡住。所以才有了QWERTY的布局。

——KK

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