这里是何凯文每日一句第232句,“证实偏差”在许多其他情况下也会发生, 鲜明地出现在当下的政治分歧中,双方似乎都无法承认对方有任何对的地方。这是文都考研今天带给大家的句子,并且要告诉大家,这世界哪有什么一鸣惊人,不过是十年如一日的坚持!!

证实偏差:2020何凯文每日一句第232句

今天的句子:

If I had to single out a particular bias as the most pervasive and damaging, it would probably be confirmation bias. That’s the effect that leads us to look for evidence confirming what we already think or suspect, to view facts and ideas we encounter as further confirmation, and to discount or ignore any piece of evidence that seems to support an alternate view. Confirmation bias shows up most blatantly in our current political divide, where each side seems unable to allow that the other side is right about anything. Confirmation bias plays out in lots of other circumstances, sometimes with terrible consequences.

思考题:

“Confirmation bias” was singled out by the author mostly because __.

A. it leads us to ignore opposing views

B. it shows up conspicuously in politics

C. it is bad for reaching logical decisions

D. it is the most widespread and harmful

词汇突破:

1. pervasive 广泛的

2. confirmation 确认

3. discount打折

4. alternate 其他的

5. blatant 公然的,显眼的

第一句:

If I had to single out a particular bias as the most pervasive and damaging, it would probably be confirmation bias.

切分:

1. If I had to single out a particular bias

2. as the most pervasive and damaging

3. it would probably be confirmation bias

参考译文:

如果必须找出一个最普遍、破坏性最 强的特定偏见,可能就是“证实偏差”了。

第二句:

That’s the effect that leads us to look for evidence confirming what we already think or suspect, to view facts and ideas we encounter as further confirmation, and to discount or ignore any piece of evidence that seems to support an alternate view.

切分:

1. That’s the effect

2. that leads us to look for evidence

3. confirming what we already think or suspect,

4. to view facts and ideas…as further confirmation

5. (that) we encounter

6. and to discount or ignore any piece of evidence

7. that seems to support an alternate view.

参考译文:这种偏见导致我们寻找证据支撑已有的想法或质疑,将遇到的事实和想法视为进一步的佐证,并贬损或忽略任何似乎支持其他观点的证据。“

第三句:

Confirmation bias shows up most blatantly in our current political divide, where each side seems unable to allow that the other side is right about anything.

切分:

1. Confirmation bias shows up most blatantly in our current political divide

2. where each side seems unable to allow

3. that the other side is right about anything

参考译文:“证实偏差”鲜明地出现在当下的政治分歧中,双方似乎都无法承认对方有任何对的地方。

第四句:

Confirmation bias plays out in lots of other circumstances, sometimes with terrible consequences.

参考译文:“证实偏差”在许多其他情况下也会发生, 有时会带来可怕的后果。

“Confirmation bias” was singled out by the author mostly because __.

作者为何在这么多认知偏差中把“证实偏差”提出来讲?

A. it leads us to ignore opposing views

B. it shows up conspicuously in politics

C. it is bad for reaching logical decisions

D. it is the most widespread and harmful

原文中的第一句的前半句,我们看到“如果必须找出一个最普遍、破坏性最 强的特定偏见的话”,反过来说也就是这个偏差因为是最普遍、最有破坏性的,所以被找出来了。答案是D。

问作者为什么提这件事?

=这件事的特征是什么?尤其是最大的特征是什么、

尤其题干还有mostly!

所以D是最 佳答案!

不清楚的可以听语音。

——KK

相关阅读:

2020考研何凯文每日一句全集

同学们你们知道吗?优于别人,并不高贵,真正的高贵应该是优于过去的自己,考研复习是一件枯燥的事,也许过程有些煎熬,但真的,熬过去就好了,你一天比一天好,就是成功。从何凯文每日一句开始学习吧,2020考研人,所谓好运气,不过是机遇遇到了努力,加油。