在整个2021考研英语复习中,语法真的让人头秃。形容词与名词、动词、副词并列为四大类之一,现在文都考研小编想问问大家,你对形容词理解有多深刻?今天咱们就来说说形容词短语位置。

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2021考研英语语法复习:形容词短语位置

当形容词与名词连用,英语中常用的顺序是形容词+名词:

a 黄色气球

不是:气球黄色

带名词和动词的形容词

形容词可以放在名词(定语)或连接动词之后,如成为,变成,似乎(谓词):

What a beautiful flower! (定语)

This bridge looks unsafe. (predicative)

Some adjectives can only be used in one position or the other.(谓词)

有些形容词只能在一个位置或另一个位置使用。

形容词通常只用于名词之前

数字和先,后

用数字和像这样的词先,后,下,通常的顺序是第一/下一+数字+形容词+名词:

Special offer on the last three remaining sofas.

There used to be two big fields here when I was young.

I don’t have to work for the next four days.

That’s the second large study on unemployment this year.

几个程度形容词

当我们用像的、完全的、完美的说到程度,它们只能在名词之前使用。这组形容词包括正确的,纯洁的,真实的,纯粹的,真实的,彻底的:

那是一个的撒谎。你不在的时候我没有用你的车。

That’s an absolute lie. I did not use your car when you were away.

Not: That lie is absolute.

Lily has always been a true friend to me.

Not: My friend Lily is true.

时间和秩序的一些形容词

一些时间和顺序的形容词,如以前、现在、将来,仅在名词之前使用。其他例子有后一种,旧的 (老朋友(“多年的朋友”),早 (法国早期文学=“某事物历史的最初阶段”),以及迟来 (已故的理查兹先生=“最近去世”):

Her former husband had bought the house but she never liked it.

Not: Her husband was former …

This is a church from the early Romanesque period

Not: This is a church from the Romanesque period. The Romanesque period was early.

当我们使用早动词后面的意思是不同的。火车早意味着它比我们预期的要早。

限定以下名词的形容词

形容词定, 主, 主修, 只, 特别限制他们前面的名词知道的人,我们走过的那条特别的路)。其他例子有校长, 鞋底(意思是“”),非常, 主任:

The main reason why the cinema closed is because the building was too old and dangerous.

Not: The reason is main why the cinema …

That’s the very tool I am looking for. (very means ‘exact’)

Not: That tool is very …

形容词通常只用于名词之后

我们用一些-埃德名词后面的形式:

Most of the issues mentioned in the documentary are not very important.

Not: Most of the mentioned issues …

The difference in percentages is clear from the illustrations shown.

Not: … from the shown illustrations.

形容词通常只用于动词之后

带前缀的形容词a-

我们不能用带前缀的形容词a-在名词之前我们在连接动词之后使用它们,例如成为,似乎,成为,感觉,嗅觉,品味。带有前缀的形容词的常见示例A-包括醒着,活着,睡着,上船(在飞机、船只、巴士或火车上),漂浮、燃烧(着火):

Katie was awake at the time.

Not: Katie was an awake person at the time.

People were asleep in the bedroom.

Not: There were asleep people in the bedroom.

The passengers were all aboard when they heard the loud bang.

Not: The aboard passengers heard the loud bang.

如果我们想在名词前面用形容词来表达类似的意思,我们可以使用一个相关的形容词。

在2021考研英语复习中,我们要学习的还有很多,语法这个让人头秃的玩意儿,咱们在平时复习时也要注意多思考,代入式学习。文都考研还会给大家带来更多的2021考研英语复习资料,关注我们吧!!

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