跟着KK开始学习何凯文每日一句!真正阻碍女性前行的是什么?是一种普遍过度工作的文化,这种文化同时伤害了男性和女性,并锁定了性别歧视。她们被鼓励做出妥协,比如转成兼职或者面向内部的岗位;这些都让她们的职业偏轨。如果你能从开始坚持到结束,对于每一句能够融会贯通,那么你就赢了!下面文都考研带给大家何凯文每日一句:

职业妥协:2021何凯文每日一句第46句

今天的句子:

Women weren’t held back because of trouble balancing the competing demands of work and family—men, too, suffered from the balance problem and nevertheless advanced. Women were held back because, unlike men, they were encouraged to take accommodations, such as going part-time and shifting to internally facing roles, which derailed their careers. The real reason was a general culture of overwork that hurt both men and women and locked gender inequality in place.

思考题:

According to the passage, women were hindered by _____

(A) the balance problem of work and family

(B) the general culture of overwork

(C) the stress and inequality caused by men

(D) the competing demands of career and work

句子解析:

第一句:

Women weren’t held back (主干)because of trouble balancing the competing demands of work and family(状语)men, too, suffered from the balance problem and nevertheless(但是)(men) advanced.

也就是男女其实都没有受到平衡家庭和工作的影响。

参考译文:女性不是因为难以平衡工作和家庭互不相容的需求而止步不前——男性也面临同样的平衡问题,但他们还是晋升了。

第二句:

Women were held back(主干) because, unlike men, they were encouraged to take accommodations, 状语(such as going part-time and shifting to internally facing roles, which derailed their careers,同位语).

accommodations :妥协!

参考译文:女性止步不前的原因是因为,和男性不同,她们被鼓励做出妥协,比如转成兼职或者面向内部的岗位;这些都让她们的职业偏轨。

第三句:

The real culprit was a general culture of overwork that hurt both men and women and locked gender inequality in place.

参考译文:真正的罪魁祸首是一种普遍过度工作的文化,这种文化同时伤害了男性和女性,并锁定了性别歧视。

思考题解析:

According to the passage, women were hindered by _____

根据文章,妇女受到了不利的影响。

(A) the balance problem of work and family

(A)工作与家庭的平衡问题

(B) the general culture of overwork

(B)普遍的加班文化 不用怀疑就是这个选项!来自最后一句!读懂了,就是这么豪横!一样的内容也敢选!正确!

(C) the stress and inequality caused by men

(C)由男性引起的压力和不平等

(D) the competing demands of career and work

(D)职业和工作的相互竞争的需求

文章来源背景和来源:

What’s Really Holding Women Back

真正阻碍女性前行的是什么?

Source: https://hbr.org/2020/03/whats-really-holding-women-back

背景:哈佛商学院的Robin J. Ely和弗罗里达州立大学的Irene Padavic在研究工作场所中的性别歧视问题时发现,许多受访者,不论男女,都认为企业高层男女比例极度不均衡的原因是因为女性无法平衡事业和家庭。但他们通过长期的调研发现,数据并不支持这种流行的论断。在表示因无法平衡事业和家庭而受感压力的受访者中,高达三分之二为男性,但只有一位男性受访者实际作出了妥协。而几乎所有作出职业妥协(比如减少出差频率)的人(其中大多数为女性)则会被当下的企业文化污名化,同事或上级会下意识认为他们不求上进,工作上靠不住,从而失去晋升机会。这两位研究者的结论是,职场上要达到真正的两性平等,我们需要致力于改革过度工作的企业文化,这样每个员工,不管男女,都能平衡好自己不同的社会角色。

——KK

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同学们,文都考研小编觉得,如果你有了考研的想法,现在就可以开始行动,从何凯文每日一句始学习吧,2021考研人,每日一句的用法:1.先看英文句子译为中文,做题练翻译。2.根据参考译文修改翻译,对答案订正。3.读背景介绍了解相关话题,拓宽视野。4.背词汇突破积累单词,强化思路。这样就能化的利用每日一句!