跟着KK开始学习何凯文每日一句!仪式是人类管理极端情绪和压力的强大机制,仪式的效用与实用性无关,若它能助你生出控制感,平息你的焦虑,才是重要的。如果你能从开始坚持到结束,对于每一句能够融会贯通,那么你就赢了!下面文都考研带给大家何凯文每日一句:

仪式缓解焦虑:2021何凯文每日一句第68句

今天的句子:

The utility of the ritual isn’t related to its practicality. Absurd rituals can have high utility. If it helps you create that sense of control, if it calms your anxiety, that’s what matters. Think of performers who do strange rituals before performing and who know that walking in a circle three times while repeating a mantra doesn’t help them win, but it helps them calm down so they can perform.

思考题:

It can be inferred from the text that____.

A.rituals have won over scientists and politicians alike

B.rituals bring benefits to those who believe in them

C.rituals have high utility when they are very strange

D.rituals were done because they help people win

句子解析:

第一句:(语序一致直接读!)

The utility of the ritual isn’t related to its practicality.

参考译文:仪式的效用与实用性无关。

第二句:(语序一致直接读!)

Absurd rituals can have high utility.

参考译文:荒谬的仪式可以具有高效用。

第三句:(语序一致直接读!)

If it helps you create that sense of control, if it calms your anxiety, that’s what matters.

参考译文:若它能助你生出控制感,平息你的焦虑,才是重要的。

第四句:

祈使句:Think of performers who do strange rituals before performing and who know that (定语从句)(walking in a circle three times while repeating a mantra doesn’t help them win)定语从句中的宾语从句, but it =仪式 helps them calm down so they can perform.

参考译文:想想那些在表演前进行奇怪仪式的艺人,他们知道一边重复咒语一边绕走三圈并不能帮他们获胜,但却有助于让他们冷静下来开始表演。

思考题解析:

A. rituals have won over scientists and politicians alike

(仪式不仅征服了科学家,还征服了政客)

A选项错误。

B. rituals bring benefits to those who believe in them

(仪式给相信它的人带来好处)

B选项正确。

模糊才是王道啊!

你可能会说,他们也不认为能帮他们赢啊。

但是他们相信这对他们有帮助啊!而且一直在做啊!

这也是一种相信啊。

如果写成这样,

B. rituals bring benefits to those who believe they will help them.

是很准确!

但是太长了!

出题人也不容易啊!

或者你帮我出一个正确选项!你教我怎么写!

C. rituals have high utility when they are very strange

(仪式非常奇怪的时候效用高)

C选项错误。

没有这个条件关系,这属于拼凑!

D. rituals were done because they help people win

(人们进行仪式因为它帮助人们赢)

D选项错误。

没有这个因果关系!

文章来源背景和来源:

The Restorative Power of Ritual

仪式的恢复力

Source: https://hbr.org/2020/04/the-restorative-power-of-ritual

背景:仪式是人类管理极端情绪和压力的强大机制,虽然我们常常意识不到,一些奇怪的做法正是帮助人们应对焦虑和悲伤的良方。家庭内的仪式可以加强成员中的情感联结,比如一起坐下来吃饭,或是夫妻饭后在公园散个步。每天清晨的刷牙洗脸也是一种重要的仪式。若不信,你可可试试起床后不洗漱是个什么感觉。尤其是面临重大人生难题时,仪式的规律性可以帮助我们找回把控感。经济学中常常认为效用与实用程度正相关,但对于仪式来说,却并非如此。完全没有实用价值的仪式可能效用很高。甚至是分手后收集合照再细致地剪成小块这种有点病态的行为,也被心理学家证明疗愈效果极佳。

——KK

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同学们,文都考研小编觉得,如果你有了考研的想法,现在就可以开始行动,从何凯文每日一句始学习吧,2021考研人,每日一句的用法:1.先看英文句子译为中文,做题练翻译。2.根据参考译文修改翻译,对答案订正。3.读背景介绍了解相关话题,拓宽视野。4.背词汇突破积累单词,强化思路。这样就能化的利用每日一句!