跟着KK开始学习何凯文每日一句!复制研究长期被忽视,由于学术出版和科研基金过于关注积极成果,导致研究者极少积极投入复制研究,复制研究就像证券市场的做空者,它们令市场变得更健康,让造假者无所遁行,也让强者更强。如果你能从开始坚持到结束,对于每一句能够融会贯通,那么你就赢了!下面文都考研带给大家何凯文每日一句:

2021何凯文每日一句第75句

今天的句子:

Null results are an essential counterweight to the science community’s focus on positive findings, which can cause conclusions to be accepted too readily. Researchers who report null results can help to steer grant money towards more fruitful studies. Replications are also invaluable for establishing what is necessary for reliable measurements, such as fundamental constants, and wider airing of null results will, eventually, prompt science communities to revise their theories to better accommodate reality.

思考题:

According to the text, the science community ______.

A.pays less attention to application

B.accepts good results unconditionally

C.has a tradition of airing null results

D.tends not to prioritize replication

思路解析:

1. Null results(你不认识!) are an essential counterweight(根据这两个词知道 Null results 是个好东西) to the science community’s focus(科学关注后面的东西,也就是说科学界不关注Null results ) on positive findings(对,关注这个鬼玩意), which(这种关注) can cause conclusions to be accepted too readily(导致不好的结果).

2. Researchers who report null results can help to steer grant money towards more fruitful studies.(继续说Null results的好处!)

3. Replications(你也不认识) are also invaluable(这两个词说明replication 也是个好东西!而且很有可能 Replications 就是和Null results 一样被科学界所忽略的对象。有可能是难兄难弟,有可能是一个概念的不同表达!) for establishing what is necessary for reliable measurements, such as fundamental constants, and wider airing of null results(你也不认识) will, eventually, prompt (这两个词也说明wider airing of null results的好处,但是科学界应该也不重视!)science communities to revise their theories to better accommodate reality.

According to the text, the science community ______.

A.pays less attention to application

不太关注应用,这个说法没有提及!不对!

B.accepts good results unconditionally

没有说无条件的。排除!

C.has a tradition of airing null results

没有这个传统!

应该是科学界不重视!错!

D.tends not to prioritize replication

(prioritize这个词不认识,那就是你的问题了!)

这个符合我们之前阅读的正反预判!

应该是正确答案!

而且必须是正确答案!

句子解析:

第一句:

Null results are an essential counterweight to the science community's focus on positive findings, which can cause conclusions to be accepted too readily.(先翻译定语从句!)

参考译文:科学界对积极发现的关注可能导致结论过于轻易地被接受,零结果(研究)起着重要的平衡作用。

第二句:

Researchers who report null results(定语) can help to steer grant money towards more fruitful studies.

参考译文:报告零结果的研究人员可以帮助将(科研)基金导向更有意义的研究。

第三句:

Replications are also invaluable for establishing what is necessary for reliable measurements,(状语) such as fundamental constants,(定语) and wider airing(传播) of null results will, eventually,prompt science communities to revise their theories to better accommodate reality.

(prompt sb to do sth )

参考译文:复制研究对于确立可靠测量所须的条件(例如基本常数)也具有无可估量的作用,广泛传播零结果最终会促使学界修改理论,以更好地适应现实。

文章来源背景和来源:

In praise of replication studies and null results

为复制研究和零结果点赞

Source: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00530-6

背景:柏林健康研究院2019年推出了旨在鼓励复制研究的行动计划,其宣传语是:“发表零结果研究——和出版业歧视负面成果的偏见做斗争!发表复制研究——和复制危机做斗争!”。该计划将为发表复制研究且结果不同于原研究的学者提供1000欧元的奖励。此计划虽然在Twitter上被大量关注,但并未引起科学家的广泛关注,只有22位申请者(他们都获得了奖金)。复制研究长期被忽视,由于学术出版和科研基金过于关注积极成果,导致研究者极少积极投入复制研究。但复制研究非常重要,它可以帮助将科研基金导向真正有价值的研究,同时也能通过指出原研究的失当之处,促使同仁不断完善理论和实验过程。复制研究就像证券市场的做空者,它们令市场变得更健康,让造假者无所遁行,也让强者更强。“真金不怕火炼”,但没有火炼,失误很难被揭露,学术投机也会大行其道;简而言之,鼓励复制研究的发表势在必行。

——KK

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同学们,文都考研小编觉得,如果你有了考研的想法,现在就可以开始行动,从何凯文每日一句始学习吧,2021考研人,每日一句的用法:1.先看英文句子译为中文,做题练翻译。2.根据参考译文修改翻译,对答案订正。3.读背景介绍了解相关话题,拓宽视野。4.背词汇突破积累单词,强化思路。这样就能化的利用每日一句!