跟着KK开始学习何凯文每日一句!面对新的传染性疾病,公共卫生专家、政府官员、医生和病人们都急于从科学出版物中找到答案。在这种快速出版的压力下,往常的科研和出版全流程无法被严格地执行,各大顶 级医学期刊最近出现了可靠性极为可疑的文章和史无前例的快速撤稿。如果你能从开始坚持到结束,对于每一句能够融会贯通,那么你就赢了!下面文都考研带给大家何凯文每日一句:

2021何凯文每日一句第131句

今天的句子:

For doctors treating patients with COVID-19, the pressures of managing a pandemic illness are aggravated by the fact that their North Stars for treatment decisions—peer-reviewed reports in medical journals—are also facing steep challenges in finding ways to publish reliable information with far less time than they are accustomed to having.

思考题:

The doctors are under greater pressure because___.

A. medical journals have no stable data source

B. peer-review process has been overstated

C. peer-reviewed reports are under challenges

D. treatment decisions are facing challenges

词汇突破:

treating patients:治疗病人

managing a pandemic illness:治疗流行病

aggravated 加剧

North Star 北极星

peer-reviewer 同行评估

medical journals 医学杂志

steep challenges 严峻挑战

be accustomed to 习惯

文章来源背景和来源:

Rushing Science in the Pandemic

疫情之下的科学快跑

Source: https://time.com/5851849/coronavirus-science-advice/

背景:科研通常是一个沉闷又冗长的过程:科学家检查数据,复核数据,审读结论,复审结论,然后再把自己艰苦的工作成果发给科学期刊,期刊编辑在出版成果之前会再对论文进行同行评审等进一步的审核。但当下的新冠疫情却并不会恪守如此谨慎的时间轴,面对新的传染性疾病,公共卫生专家、政府官员、医生和病人们都急于从科学出版物中找到答案。在这种快速出版的压力下,往常的科研和出版全流程无法被严格地执行,各大顶 级医学期刊最近都出现了可靠性极为可疑的文章和史无前例的快速撤稿。对于广大一线医务工作者来说,这些错误的科研导向平添了他们本就不小的压力。一方面,疫情要求我们在科技出版领域缩短周期,另一方面,不可靠的成果有百害无一利。面对这个僵局,整个科研和科技出版应对流程进行改革,加大数据公开和关键信息的透明度,聚众人之力,让重要可靠的成果能快速地被阅读和核实。

句子解析和题目解析:

For doctors treating patients with COVID-19, the pressures of managing a pandemic illness are aggravated by the fact that (同位语从句):their North Stars for treatment decisionspeer-reviewed reports in medical journalsare also facing steep challenges in finding ways to publish reliable information / with far less time than they are accustomed to having.

首先句子主干:

the pressures are aggravated

(医生的压力加剧了)

原因就是by后面的内容,

这就是结构决定的,传说中的:读不懂也需要知道后面是原因。

原因是一个事实(fact)什么事实?后面加上了一个从句:

这里的:their North Star =peer-reviewed reports in medical journals

所以原因就是:

their North Stars are also facing steep challenges

=peer-reviewed reports are under challenges

所以答案就是:

C. peer-reviewed reports are under challenges

同行评估的报告受到了挑战

正确答案就是这样出来的!

再看其他的三个选项:

A.medical journals have no stable data source

医学期刊没有稳定的数据来源。

没有提及,错!

B.peer-review process has been overstated

同行评估的过程被高估了。

没有提及,错!

C. peer-reviewed reports are under challenges

同行评估的报告受到了挑战

D. treatment decisions are facing challenges

治疗的决定受到了挑战

这里就是传说中的:“拼凑”也就是“拼多多”,

看好哦:

their North Star for treatment decisions are also facing steep challenges.

不等于:

treatment decisions are also facing steep challenges.

(虽然在阅读中我们要小心“答案的拼多多”!)

——KK

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2021考研何凯文每日一句全集

同学们,文都考研小编觉得,如果你有了考研的想法,现在就可以开始行动,从何凯文每日一句始学习吧,2021考研人,每日一句的用法:1.先看英文句子译为中文,做题练翻译。2.根据参考译文修改翻译,对答案订正。3.读背景介绍了解相关话题,拓宽视野。4.背词汇突破积累单词,强化命`题思路。这样就能最`大化的利用每日一句!