跟着KK开始学习何凯文每日一句!如果你能从开始坚持到结束,对于每一句能够融会贯通,那么你就赢了!下面文都考研带给大家何凯文每日一句:

2021何凯文每日一句系列

今天的句子:

Yet increasing evidence suggests that human prejudices have been baked into these tools because the machine-learning models are trained on biased data. Far from avoiding racism, they may simply be better at hiding it. Many critics now view these tools as a form of tech-washing, where an appearance of objectivity covers mechanisms that perpetuate inequities in society.

思考题:

What is the author’s attitude towards these tools?

(A) biased (B) skeptical (C) objective (D) tolerance

词汇突破:

1.increasing evidence 越来越多的证据

2.human prejudices 人类的偏见

3.the machine-learning models机器学习的模式

4.biased 歧视性的

5.Far from:远没有

6. simply干脆

7.tech-washing 技术性洗白

8. mechanisms 机制

9.perpetuate 使…持续

10.inequities 不平等

句子解析:

第一句:

Yet increasing evidence suggests that// human prejudices have been baked into these tools because the machine-learning models are trained on biased data.

参考译文:然而,越来越多的证据表明,这些工具中已经植入了人们的偏见,因为机器学习模型是由歧视性的数据训练的。

第二句:

Far from avoiding racism, // they may simply be better at hiding it.

参考译文:它们远未避免种族主义,可能只是更擅长隐藏种族主义。

第三句:

Many critics now view these tools as a form of tech-washing, where a veneer of objectivity covers mechanisms that perpetuate inequities in society.

参考译文:现在,许多批评家将这些工具视为一种技术洗白,用表面的客观来掩盖延续社会不平等的机制。

思考题解析:

What is the author’s attitude towards these tools?

(A) biased (B) skeptical (C) objective (D) tolerance

从第二句中可以知道答案为B!

文章来源背景和来源:

Predictive policing algorithms are racist. They need to be dismantled.

预测性警用算法是种族主义的。它们需要被解除。

Source: https://www.technologyreview.com/2020/07/17/1005396/predictive-policing-algorithms-racist-dismantled-machine-learning-bias-criminal-justice/

背景:根据历史经验和现时环境预测未来的能力历来是人类智能的桂冠。在古老的原始部落,人们就尊崇这方面能力出众的巫师们,给予他们极高的社会地位。而现在,我们期待机器学习和人工智能掀起一场新的革命,从大数据中读取解锁未来的钥匙。然而,最早借助这些预测技术的美国警察们却发现,旨在帮助他们超越个人偏见的算法,却因为训练数据的“原罪”而天然地带有系统性歧视。本这些算法不仅没有维持中立和客观,还以技术的外衣洗白了种族歧视。就像电脑普及后,我们可以大大方方地把自己的错误归结为电脑故障,歧视也得以“无辜脸”地隐身于算法之中。

——KK

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2021考研何凯文每日一句全集

同学们,文都考研小编觉得,如果你有了考研的想法,现在就可以开始行动,从何凯文每日一句始学习吧,2021考研人,每日一句的用法:1.先看英文句子译为中文,做题练翻译。2.根据参考译文修改翻译,对答案订正。3.读背景介绍了解相关话题,拓宽视野。4.背词汇突破积累单词,强化命`题思路。这样就能最`大化的利用每日一句!