跟着KK开始学习何凯文每日一句!。如果你能从开始坚持到结束,对于每一句能够融会贯通,那么你就赢了!下面文都考研带给大家何凯文每日一句:

2021何凯文每日一句系列

今天的句子:

While there are other parts of the safety net that may help some families get by, including food stamps, emergency rental assistance and cash assistance for low-income families with children, the human toll of losing extra unemployment benefits will still be dramatic. People could lose homes; those now able to pay credit-card debt will fall behind; bankruptcies are likely to soar. Legal advocates are concerned that some families will be driven to take out high-interest loans, which could send them into an endless cycle of poverty.

思考题:

According to the text, losing extra unemployment benefits will __.

A. cause the dramatic loss of safety net

B. deprive the credit-card debt of citizens

C. lead some families to high interest loans

D. cease the possible endless cycle of poverty

词汇突破:

safety net 安全网

get by 维持生计

food stamp 食物券

emergency rental assistance 紧急的租赁支持

toll 伤害,损失

credit-card debt 信用卡债务

fall behind 逾期

high-interest loans 高利贷

句子解析:

第一句:

While there are other parts of the safety net that may help some families get by, including food stamps, emergency rental assistance and cash assistance for low-income families with children, the human toll of losing extra unemployment benefits will still be dramatic.

参考译文:尽管社会保障网的其他部分可能帮助一些家庭度过难关,如食品券、紧急租金援助和为有孩子的低收入家庭提供的现金援助,但失去额外失业救济给人们造成的损失仍将巨大。

第二句:

People could lose homes;// those now able to pay credit-card debt will fall behind; bankruptcies are likely to soar.

参考译文:人们可能会失去房子;现在有能力偿还信用卡债务的人将会逾期;破产可能会飙升。

第三句:

Legal advocates are concerned that some families will be driven to take out high- interest loans, which could send them into an endless cycle of poverty.

参考译文:律师们担心某些家庭将被迫申请高息贷 款,这可能令他们陷入无休止的贫困怪圈。

思考题解析:

According to the text, losing extra unemployment benefits will __.

根据文章,失去额外的失业福利将会______

第一句谈到了失去额外的失业福利,

第二句和第三句就在谈

A. cause the dramatic loss of safety net

导致安全网的巨大损失。

这是偷换概念,

造成的是对于个人的巨大损失。

而不是对于安全网的损失。

B. deprive the credit-card debt of citizens

剥夺公民的信用卡债务。

导致公民信用卡债务逾期,而不是“剥夺”债务,所以错

所以这个选项是偷换!错!

C. lead some families to high interest loans

导致一些家庭负担高利贷。

对应第三句说法,某些家庭被迫负担高利贷。

正确!

D. cease the possible endless cycle of poverty

停止可能的无止境的贫穷循环。

不是“停止”而是“导致”所以不对!

文章来源背景和来源:

For the jobless, there’s no secure safety net

对于失业者来说,没有稳定的社会保障网络

Source: https://time.com/5867908/stimulus-unemployment-benefits-coronavirus/

背景:虽然成百万美国人的工作机会在过去的几个月突然消失,而且也许其中有些岗位永久不会回归,但是至少新近失业的人们从一项临时福利政策中得到了安慰。根据这项政策,失业救济每周上浮了600美元,把许多家庭从勉力支撑的边缘拉了回来。然而该政策将在7月31日失效,若国会不延长联邦疫情失业补偿法案,那么本已无助的情形可能雪上加霜。受影响的将不只是个人,还会是整个美国经济。每周额外的600美元让成千万失业者的平均收入达到全面平均收入水平,让他们得以在生活必需品、房租、教育和娱乐上消费;这些消费支持了280万个就业岗位。600美元的失效将会让美国的社会保障成为一张大孔隙的网,许多人将从中落下,陷入贫穷的恶性循环。

这道题的真题链接是2007年的三篇文章:

In just one generation, millions of mothers have gone to work, transforming basic family economics. Scholars, policymakers, and critics of all stripes have debated the social implications of these changes, but few have looked at the side effect: family risk has risen as well. Today’s families have budgeted to the limits of their new two-paycheck status. As a result, they have lost the parachute they once had in times of financial setback – a back-up earner (usually Mom) who could go into the workforce if the primary earner got laid off or fell sick. This “added-worker effect” could support the safety net offered by unemployment insurance or disability insurance to help families weather bad times. But today, a disruption to family fortunes can no longer be made up with extra income from an otherwise-stay-at-home partner.

Today’s double-income families are at greater financial risk in that

[A] the safety net they used to enjoy has disappeared.

[B] their chances of being laid off have greatly increased.

[C] they are more vulnerable to changes in family economics.

[D] they are deprived of unemployment or disability insurance.

是不是很体贴啊!

——KK

推荐:

2021考研何凯文每日一句全集

同学们,文都考研小编觉得,如果你有了考研的想法,现在就可以开始行动,从何凯文每日一句始学习吧,2021考研人,每日一句的用法:1.先看英文句子译为中文,做题练翻译。2.根据参考译文修改翻译,对答案订正。3.读背景介绍了解相关话题,拓宽视野。4.背词汇突破积累单词,强化命`题思路。这样就能最`大化的利用每日一句!