考研英语复习何凯文每日一句系列,文都考研网,每日更新!如果你从现在开始坚持,那么成功的路就在脚下!本文整理2021考研英语何凯文每日一句第199句。

 

今天的句子:

The judge’s order could have broad implications not only for ride-hailing but for the whole tech industry, which has turned to gig work to quickly hire crowds of workers without providing them costly benefits associated with employment, a model the order took direct aim at last week. The AB5 law establishes a three-perspective test requiring employers to prove workers are independent. Laborers must be free from the entity’s control and be performing work outside the company’s core business, a test Uber and Lyft failed according to the judge’s ruling in San Francisco this month.

思考题:

According to the passage, Uber and Lyft failed to _______

A.get rid of all existing gig workers

B.prove its laborers are self-reliant

C.represent the whole tech industry

D.pass three sophisticated tests

 

词汇突破:

broad implications 宽泛意义

ride-hailing 打车

tech industry 技术行业

gig work 零工工作

take direct aim at 直接针对

three-perspective三个层面

entity 企业,实体

core business 核心业务

句子解析:

第一句:

The judge’s order could have broad implicationsnot only for ride-hailing but for the whole tech industry, which has turned to gig work to quickly hire hordes of workers without providing them costly benefits associated with employment, a model the order took direct aim at last week.

参考译文:法官发布的命令不仅对打车服务,而且对整个科技行业都可能具有广泛的影响。科技行业已经转向零时工作,以快速雇用大量工人,而不用提供与就业相关的昂贵福利。这种模式是上周的命令直接瞄准的对象。

第二句:

The AB5 law establishes a three-prong testrequiring employers to prove workers are independent.

参考译文:AB5法确立了一个三重标准,要求雇主证明工人是独立的。

第三句:

Laborers must be free from the entity’s control and be performing work outside the company’s core business, a test (that记住这省略了that,指代对象是test)Uber and Lyft failed according to the judge’s ruling in San Francisco this month.

还原就是:uber and lyft failed the test.

参考译文:劳动者必须不受公司的控制,且正在从事企业核心业务之外的工作;根据法官本月在旧金山做出的裁决,Uber和Lyft都没通过这项测试。

思考题解析:

According to the passage, Uber and Lyft failed to _______

根据文章,Uber和Lyft未能________

A. get rid of all existing gig workers

(辞去所有现有的零工)

没有提及!

A选项错误。

B.prove its laborers are self-reliant

证明自己工人是独立的。

最后一句说到这两家企业没能通过这个测试。

前面说到这个测试要求证明工人是独立的。

所以这两家企业没有能证明工人是独立的。

B选项正确。

C. represent the whole tech industry

(代表整个技术行业)

没有提及!

C选项错误。

D. pass three sophisticated tests

(通过三类复杂的考试)

不是三个考试,是一个有三层含义的考试!

D选项错误。

文章来源背景和来源:

Uber and Lyft don’t want to make California drivers employees, so they’re on the verge of shutting down

Uber和Lyft不想让加州司机成为雇员,所以它们正在关张的边缘

Source: https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2020/08/19/uber-lyft-ab5

背景:零时经济为互联网公司和初创企业提供了丰富的劳动力,同时也让他们可以省下高昂的职工福利。但从事零工的劳动者的利益却因此未得到有效保护,没有社会保险的他们不得不面临比一般雇员更高的风险,例如看病时没医保,失业时没救济。加利福尼亚州的法官近日的一项裁决给了科技企业一记重拳,该裁决要求Uber和Lyft将司机视同雇员,并为他们提供相应的福利。根据加州的法律,只有能同时满足三个条件的情况下,企业才能将劳动者视为独立合同工:不受雇主控制;从事雇主业务之外的工作;通常从事与所从事的工作具有相同性质的独立的业务。

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同学们,如果你有了考研的想法,现在就可以开始行动,从何凯文每日一句开始学习吧,2021考研人,每日一句的用法:1.先看英文句子译为中文,做题练翻译。2.根据参考译文修改翻译,对答案订正。3.读背景介绍了解相关话题,拓宽视野。4.背词汇突破积累单词,强化命 题思路。这样就能最 大化的利用每日一句!