跟着KK开始学习何凯文每日一句!事实是我们中很少有人真正吸收我们所收到的信息,我们过滤掉我们不期望或不想听的东西,这种趋势不一定会随着年龄的增长而改善。如果你能从开始坚持到结束,对于每一句能够融会贯通,那么你就赢了!下面文都考研带给大家何凯文每日一句:

信息吸收:2021何凯文每日一句第10句

今天的句子:

The truth, unfortunately, is that few of us really absorb the information we receive. We filter out what we don’t expect or want to hear, and this tendency doesn’t necessarily improve with age. As a result, leaders simply miss a great deal of the information that’s available—a weakness to which top performers are especially vulnerable because overconfidence so often comes with success.

思考题:

The reason that top performers are likely to miss available information is ____ ?

A. the lack of ability

B. being overconfident

C.the weak will

D. the misleading news

句子解析:

第一句:

The truth, unfortunately, is that(黄色是主语和系动词) few of us really absorb the information(表语从句)we receive.(省略了that 的定语从句)

1.The truth is that (固定搭配) 翻译为:事实上…

参考译文:不幸的是,事实上我们很少人能消化接收到的信息。

第二句:

We filter out what we don’t expect or want to hear(宾语从句), and 并列句this tendency doesn’t necessarily improve with age. (绿色是状语)

filter out 过滤掉

参考译文:我们会过滤掉不希望或不想听到的内容,并且这种倾向不一定会随着年龄的增长而改善。

第三句:

As a result, leaders simply miss a great deal of the informationthat’s availablea weakness(同位语指代前面这个句子:“错过信息”这件事) to which top performers are especially vulnerable(定语从句) because overconfidence so often comes with success(定语从句中的状语从句).

1. simply 这个副词含义很多,根据语境来翻译,这里翻译为“轻易”

2. available 可获得的

3. top performers 优秀的人,高管,领导;

4. to which top performers are especially vulnerable

which = weakness

to是:be vulnerable to 中的to

还原为一个句子:

top performers are especially vulnerable to this weakness.

5. A comes with B

= With B comes A 伴随B ,常有A

overconfidence so often comes with success.

(success 是原因,overconfidence 是结果)所以答案是B

参考译文:结果是,领导者轻易地错过了许多获得的信息。高管尤其易受这个弱点影响,因为成功通常会导致过分自信。(翻译的时候我只翻译了定语从句,没有再翻译同位语weakness,因为在定语从句中已经翻译了一次了,就可以不用再翻译了。)

比如:

The black women have been discriminated, a fact by which their academic performance is adversely affected.

(which指代fact ,fact 指代前面的句子)

黑人妇女受到歧视,她们的学业受到了这个事实了的不利影响。

=The black women have been discriminated, by which their academic performance is adversely affected.

(which指代前面的句子)

=黑人妇女受到歧视,因此她们的学业受到了不利影响。

(所以语言的表达形式是多样的,但意思是一样的。 )

思考题:

The reason that top performers are likely to miss available information is ____ ?

表现的人可能会错过可用信息的原因是什么?

A. the lack of ability

缺乏能力

B. being overconfident

过于自信

看句子解析!这就是正确答案!

C.the weak will

薄弱的意志(没说他们意志薄弱)

D. the misleading news

误导性消息

文章来源和背景:

The Elements of Good Judgment

正确判断的要素

Source: https://hbr.org/2020/01/the-elements-of-good-judgment

背景:在没有清晰证据、相关数据或明确方向时,如何明智地决策?伦敦商学院的教授Sir Andrew Likierman在《哈佛商业评论》中撰文指出,明智的决策者应在平时用心聆听,并批判性地吸收信息。这听起来像是一句正确的废话,但实际上许多人都无法理解信息,不能把知识转化为洞见。许多高管都极易匆匆做出糟糕的决策,成功让他们自满,忙碌的日程也让他们过度珍视自己的时间;他们常常认为许多小事不值细究,要么下意识地过滤信息,要么对细微之处缺少警觉。真正明智的决策者往往能够理解人们话语背后的真实意图,识别出他人看不到的模式和规律;同时他们经验丰富,拥有可靠的关系网,虽然有些事他们不懂,但他们认识懂行的专家,并虚心接受内行的建议。

——KK

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同学们,文都考研小编觉得,如果你有了考研的想法,现在就可以开始行动,从何凯文每日一句始学习吧,2021考研人,每日一句的用法:1.先看英文句子译为中文,做题练翻译。2.根据参考译文修改翻译,对答案订正。3.读背景介绍了解相关话题,拓宽视野。4.背词汇突破积累单词,强化思路。这样就能化的利用每日一句!