2021考研英语综合备考资料: 陀思妥耶夫斯基的经典英文小说《罪与罚》每天阅读一小段英语小说,保持语感,熟悉英文的说话方式,有助于英语阅读得到提高,咱们今天就开始从罪与罚 开始读起吧,对大家在进行2021考试的时候非常有帮助,更多相关信息,可关注咱们文都考研综合备考频道哦。

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2021考研英语综合备考:罪与罚Part 1-1

On an exceptionally hot evening early in July a young man came out of the garret in which he lodged in S. Place and walked slowly, as though in hesitation, towards K. bridge.

七月初,天气特别热的时候①,傍晚时分,有个年轻人走出他在C胡同向二房东租来的那间斗室,来到街上,然后慢腾腾地,仿佛犹豫不决地往K桥那边走去。

He had successfully avoided meeting his landlady on the staircase. His garret was under the roof of a high, five-storied house and was more like a cupboard than a room. The landlady who provided him with garret, dinners, and attendance, lived on the floor below, and every time he went out he was obliged to pass her kitchen, the door of which invariably stood open. And each time he passed, the young man had a sick, frightened feeling, which made him scowl and feel ashamed. He was hopelessly in debt to his landlady, and was afraid of meeting her.

他顺利地避开了在楼梯上与自己的女房东相遇。他那间斗室是一幢高高的五层楼房②的顶间,就在房顶底下,与其说像间住房,倒不如说更像个大橱。他向女房东租了这间供给伙食、而且有女仆侍候的斗室,女房东就住在他楼下一套单独的住房里,他每次外出,都一定得打女房东的厨房门前经过,而厨房门几乎总是冲着楼梯大敞着。每次这个年轻人从一旁走过的时候,都有一种病态的胆怯的感觉,他为此感到羞愧,于是皱起眉头。他欠了女房东一身债,怕和她见面。

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①据作者说,小说中的故事发生在一八六五年,小说中没有明确说明年份,但有些地方曾有所暗示,这句话就是其中之一——一八六五年夏天天气特别热。

②一八六六年作者写这部小说的时候,自己就住在小市民街、木匠胡同一幢类似的房子里。

This was not because he was cowardly and abject, quite the contrary; but for some time past he had been in an overstrained irritable condition, verging on hypochondria. He had become so completely absorbed in himself, and isolated from his fellows that he dreaded meeting, not only his landlady, but anyone at all. He was crushed by poverty, but the anxieties of his position had of late ceased to weigh upon him. He had given up attending to matters of practical importance; he had lost all desire to do so. Nothing that any landlady could do had a real terror for him. But to be stopped on the stairs, to be forced to listen to her trivial, irrelevant gossip, to pestering demands for payment, threats and complaints, and to rack his brains for excuses, to prevaricate, to lie--no, rather than that, he would creep down the stairs like a cat and slip out unseen.

倒不是说他是那么胆小和怯懦,甚至完全相反;但从某个时期以来,他一直处于一种很容易激动和紧张的状态。患了多疑症。他是那样经常陷入沉思,离群索居,甚至害怕见到任何人,而不单单是怕与女房东见面。他让贫穷给压垮了;但最近一个时期就连窘迫的处境也已不再使他感到苦恼。绝对必须的事情他已经不再去做,也不想做。其实,什么女房东他都不怕,不管她打算怎样跟他过不去。然而站在楼梯上,听这些与他毫不相干的日常生活中鸡毛蒜皮之类琐事的种种废话,听所有这些纠缠不休的讨债,威胁,抱怨,自己却要尽力设法摆脱,道歉,撒谎,——不,最好还是想个办法像猫儿样从楼梯上悄悄地过去,偷偷溜掉,让谁也别看见他。

This evening, however, on coming out into the street, he became acutely aware of his fears.

可是这一次,到了街上以后,那种怕遇到女债主的恐惧心理,就连他自己也感到惊讶。

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