跟着KK开始学习何凯文每日一句!普查对于社会学研究至关重要,因为它能让学者了解各式各样的家庭构成和民生现状。而且普查本身所提出和未提出的问题也对我们了解某个特定时代提供了脚注:没有问到的就是无人倾听的。如果你能从开始坚持到结束,对于每一句能够融会贯通,那么你就赢了!下面文都考研带给大家何凯文每日一句:

平价医疗法案:2021何凯文每日一句第61句

今天的句子:

It’s been 10 years since the passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) — a highly controversial piece of legislation that represented a sweeping, bureaucratic intrusion into the healthcare industry at taxpayer expense, or an opportunity to expand healthcare coverage, curb insurance abuses, and pave the way to a new delivery model through experimentation— depending on your perspective. The ACA was sold as being built upon our existing healthcare delivery framework. One of the problems with this was that the framework itself was (and still is) fundamentally flawed.

思考题:

The Affordable Care Act has been promoted as______.

A.a bureaucratic intrusion of health care

B.a reform based on existing structure

C.a way to experiment with big data

D.a chance to control insurance abuses

句子解析:

第一句:

It’s been 10 years since the passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) — a highly controversial piece of legislation(同位语) that represented a sweeping, bureaucratic intrusion into the healthcare industry at taxpayer expense(定语一), or an opportunity to expand healthcare coverage, curb insurance abuses, and pave the way to a new delivery model through experimentation(定语二)— depending on your perspective.

主干:

It’s been 10 years

状语:

since the passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA)

同位语:

a highly controversial piece of legislation

并列定语1:

that represented a sweeping, bureaucratic intrusion into the healthcare industry at taxpayer expense

that=ACA

并列定语2:

that represented an opportunity (to expand )healthcare coverage, curb insurance abuses, and pave the way to a new delivery model through experimentation.(三个动词不定式并列,后面两个省略了to)

that=ACA

状语:

depending on your perspective

这取决于你的角度。

参考译文:通过平价医疗法案已经十年。这项极具争议的立法或是代表了以纳税人为代价的对医保行业的全面官僚性侵扰,或是代表了一个扩大医保覆盖、遏制保险滥用并通过试验为新的交付模式铺平道路的机会。这取决于你的角度。

第二句:

The ACA was sold as being built upon our existing healthcare delivery framework.

参考译文:平价医疗法案的卖点是它建立在我们现有的医疗服务交付框架之上。

第三句:

One of the problems with this was that the framework itself was (and still is) fundamentally flawed.

参考译文:其中一个问题在于,这个框架本身(现在仍然)存在根本性缺陷。

思考题解析:

The Affordable Care Act has been promoted as______.

平价医疗法案作为____来推广的

promoted as=sold as

这样就对应第二句:

第一句说了,这取决于你的角度!

所以第一句的内容是在列举别人的观点。

不是卖点所在,答案只能来自第二句!

B. a reform based on existing structure(基于现有架构的改革)

B选项正确。

=built upon our existing healthcare delivery framework.

同义替换!

A.a bureaucratic intrusion of health care

定位错误,这是一些人的看法!

C.a way to experiment with big data

没有提到!

D.a chance to control insurance abuses

定位错误,这是一些人的看法!

是不是很厉害!你必须尊重题干!

文章来源背景和来源:

It’s Been 10 Years Since The ACA Passed – What’s Been The Impact

通过平价医疗法案已经十年—其影响如何

Source: https://www.forbes.com/sites/ritanumerof/2020/01/27/its-been-10-years-since-the-aca-passed--whats-been-the-impact/#469d395c2137

背景:美国的平价医疗法案(奥巴马医改方案)被国会通过已经十年有余。其宗旨是改革现行医疗体制,一方面降低总体医疗成本,另一方面通过扩展医保覆盖率来提升全民健康水平。福布斯的这篇文章认为,虽然平价医疗法案让个人和小企业能通过政府医疗保险市场为个人及员工购买医保,将数千万原本无法获得医保的公民纳入了医保范围,但这个只在原来框架上渐进性改革的法案从开始就走错了路。作者认为,原有的框架存在根本性缺陷,所以雪花般的监管规则只会让医生变得越来越像医保系统的员工,让医院成为保险系统的一部分。而兼并并非好事,许多机构都没能实现赢利。让人难以接受的真相是,规模并不是全能的保护伞,即使是慈善机构也需有严格的财务底线。

——KK

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同学们,文都考研小编觉得,如果你有了考研的想法,现在就可以开始行动,从何凯文每日一句始学习吧,2021考研人,每日一句的用法:1.先看英文句子译为中文,做题练翻译。2.根据参考译文修改翻译,对答案订正。3.读背景介绍了解相关话题,拓宽视野。4.背词汇突破积累单词,强化思路。这样就能化的利用每日一句!