跟着KK开始学习何凯文每日一句!如果你能从开始坚持到结束,对于每一句能够融会贯通,那么你就赢了!下面文都考研带给大家何凯文每日一句:

2021何凯文每日一句系列

今天的句子:

Although he had little else to offer patients besides the lifestyle remedies of the Greeks, melancholia was finally thought to be at least partly biological. In subsequent years, everything from herbal remedies to opium to music therapy to spinning stools designed to make people too dizzy to feel pain fell in and out of vogue.

(想想你会怎么出题?)

We can learn from the passage that___ .

(A) herbal remedies were once in fashion to control melancholia

(B) there are many therapies to heal and cure melancholia

(C ) the Greeks finally found melancholia to be physical disease

(D) the opium used to be used to cure the melancholia

词汇突破:

lifestyle 生活方式

remedy 治疗

melancholia 忧郁

subsequent 接下来的

herbal 草药的

opium 鸦片

spinning stool 旋转凳

vogue 流行

第一句:

确定主干:

melancholia was finally thought to be at least partly biological.

切分成分:

Although he had little else to offer patients besides the lifestyle remedies of the Greeks让步状语从句

第二句:

确定主干:

everything fell in and out of vogue.

切分成分:

In subsequent years时间状语

from herbal remedies to opium to music therapy to spinning stools 列举,“from…to…to”结构

designed to make people too dizzy to feel pain后置定语修饰旋转凳,“too…to”太而不能

参考译文:虽然他除了希腊人的生活方式疗法之外就没有什么可以提供给病人,但抑郁终于被认为至少部分源于生理。接下来的数年,从草药、鸦片、音乐疗法到旋转凳(旨在让人因头晕目眩而无法觉察痛楚的疗法)都曾引领潮流,时兴时衰。

解析:

We can learn from the passage that___.

(A) herbal remedies were once in fashion to control melancholia

Fashion=vogue

原文:herbal remedies fell in of vogue.

选项:herbal remedies were once in fashion

Too…to feel pain= to control melancholia

感觉不到痛苦=控制抑郁症

所以A就是正确答案!

这也是正话反说的一种

(B) there are many therapies to heal and cure melancholia

Heal 和cure 不对,没有说这些治疗手段能治愈抑郁症。

(C ) the Greeks finally found melancholia to be physical disease

翻译:希腊人最终发现抑郁症是生理疾病;

不是希腊人发现的,所以排除!

(D) the opium used to be used to cure the melancholia

Used to be used = 过去被用,而现在不被用;

原文说的是鸦片治疗抑郁症过去流行过,现在不流行了。

而不是说不用了。

当然cure这个词用的也不准确。

所以为偷换!

文章背景和来源:

被尊称为“医学之父”的希波克拉底(《希波克拉底誓言》仍是今天医护人员的重要职业道德准则)曾提出过体液学说。这种学说认为人体内有4种不同类型的体液:血液、粘液、黄胆汁和黑胆汁。一旦脾分泌的黑胆汁过多,人就会感到抑郁——持续的心情灰暗,无缘由地长期感到恐惧或伤心。直到17世纪,神经学家Thomas Willis才认识到抑郁与体液无关,而是一种涉及大脑功能的复杂病变。虽然人们慢慢接受了抑郁是一种生理失调,而非古人认为的巫蛊抑或魔障之害(中世纪时抑郁的女性会被当作巫婆活活烧死),但是目前仍没有长期和有效的治疗方法。美国有12%的人正在服用抗抑郁药物,且自杀率已经攀升到30年来最 高点。

——KK

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2021考研何凯文每日一句全集

同学们,文都考研小编觉得,如果你有了考研的想法,现在就可以开始行动,从何凯文每日一句始学习吧,2021考研人,每日一句的用法:1.先看英文句子译为中文,做题练翻译。2.根据参考译文修改翻译,对答案订正。3.读背景介绍了解相关话题,拓宽视野。4.背词汇突破积累单词,强化命`题思路。这样就能最`大化的利用每日一句!