考研英语复习何凯文每日一句系列,文都考研网,每日更新!如果你从现在开始坚持,那么成功的路就在脚下!本文整理2021考研英语何凯文每日一句第251句。同时提醒大家,10月10日考研报名已开始,欢迎关注文都2021考研报名指导及提分规划。

 

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今天的句子:

Science thrives on its inability—so far—to explain everything, and uses that as the spur to go on asking questions, creating possible models and testing them, so that we make our way, inch by inch, closer to the truth. If something were to happen that went against our current understanding of reality, scientists would see that as a challenge to our present model, requiring us to abandon or at least change it. It is through such adjustments and subsequent testing that we approach closer and closer to what is true.

思考题:

According to the passage, the science’s thriving is based on____.

(A) its inability to explain everything

(B) its ability to create passible models

(C) its ability to take testing and examine

(D) its ability to change the current model

句子解析:

第一句:

Science thrives on its inability—so far—to explain everything, and uses that as the spur to go on asking questions, creating possible models and testing them, so that we make our way, inch by inch, closer to the truth.

参考译文:到目前为止,科学的兴盛都建立在无力感之上——无法解释一切,并以此为动力继续提出问题,创建可能的模型,并对其进行测试,从而让我们一步步地接近真理。

第二句:

If something were to happen that went against our current understanding of reality, scientists would see that as a challenge to our present model,requiring us to abandon or at least change it.

参考译文:如果发生的某些事情有悖于我们对现实的当下认知,那么科学家会认为这是对 当下模型的挑战,需要我们放弃或者至少改变它。

第三句:

It is through such adjustments and subsequent testing (被强调对象)that we approach closer and closer to what is true.

这是一个强调句!

参考译文:正是通过这种调整和后续测试,我们才得以越来越接近真理。

思考题解析:

According to the passage, the science’s thriving is based on____.

(A) its inability to explain everything

对应第一句正确答案!

定位准确,还是第一句!哪怕是原文重现也不要犹豫!直接选!

(B) its ability to create passible models

(C) its ability to take testing and examine

(D) its ability to predict future events

这三个选项都是第一个选项的展开说明,所以优先选择第一个选项。

而且文章有如此明确的对应有什么好犹豫的!

文章来源背景和来源:

The Magic of Reality: How We Know What's Really True

自然的魔法:我们怎么知道什么是真的

(这是一本学术介绍的著作)

背景:真实是什么?有我们五官能直接感知到的真实,比如声、光、电。还有我们不能直 接观察到,但借助特别工具感受到的真实,比如星系、细菌和无线电波。但是恐⻰呢?它 是真实存在过的生物么?我们没有时光机可以让它们直接出现在我们面前,但我们可以看 到化石,再通过观测化石来进行假设和推想,从而越来越接近真实。这就是方术、传说与 科学假设的区别,虽然我们都无法通过肉眼或仪器看到所述的事情,但科学假设能够根据 不断出现的新例证而进行调整和完善。方术和传说则是更类似一潭缺少对流的死水,宣称 是真,但终究为假。

同学们,如果你有了考研的想法,现在就可以开始行动,从何凯文每日一句开始学习吧,2021考研人,每日一句的用法:1.先看英文句子译为中文,做题练翻译。2.根据参考译文修改翻译,对答案订正。3.读背景介绍了解相关话题,拓宽视野。4.背词汇突破积累单词,强化命 题思路。这样就能最 大化的利用每日一句!